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1

Miranda et al

2016

2

2016

Miranda et al

3

Area focus

Peruvian Amazon

4

Deforestation in the Peruvian Amazon figure

Protected areas interviewer the Peruvian Amazon cut deforestation by 8% in the early 2000s

5

Argument of paper

Mixed protected areas are more effective in reducing deforestation but not in cutting poverty

6

What is the aim of protecting areas

To conserve forests and the ecological benefits that they provide, such as carbon sequestration, biodiversity and hydrological services
These hope to be achieved without causing negative impacts for local communities

7

Economic negative impacts of protected areas

Can cause economic costs by limiting community use of forests for agriculture, logging and hunting

8

Economic positive impacts of protected areas

they can also provide economic benefits by spurring tourism, attracting infrastructure investments, and ensuring the continued provision of valuable forest ecosystem services
(Ferraro, 2008, Ferraro and Hanauer, 2011, Robalino, 2007)

9

What is there a need for in research

The effects of protected areas on forest cover change and socioeconomic outcomes
However to do so is challenging

10

Andam et al (2010)

Protected areas reduce poverty by 1.27% points in Costa Rica, and 7.9% points in Thailand

11

Who states that 'Protected areas reduce poverty by 1.27% points in Costa Rica, and 7.9% points in Thailand'

Andam et al (2010)

12

Who earns the higher wages due to protected areas

People living near tourist entrances

13

Clements et al (2014)

Looks at the impacts of 2 protected areas in Cambodia. Found that households were worse off because had less access to markets and social services.

14

Who did a study on the impacts of 2 protected areas in Cambodia

Clements et al (2014)

15

How many people in Peru live in poverty

Half the population

16

How much land in the Amazon region is protected

27%

17

What are protected areas the main method of in Peru

Biodiversity conservation

18

What are the main methods of biodiversity conservation in Peru

protected areas

19

How many protected areas does Peru have

In 2012, Peru had 111 national protected areas

20

Impacts on poverty

Worsened extreme poverty

21

When do people experience positive economic impacts

When communities engage in sectors that serve tourists

22

When do people experience negative economic impacts

When restrictions are placed on local communities' access to natural resources

23

How many of the studied areas are known to have ecotourism potential

4 out of 10

24

Why is there a lack of ecotourism potential in the studied areas

There is. lack of infrastructure, tourists therefore find it difficult to reach the areas

25

How can tourists travel to the protected areas

Travelling from Lima, it would require a 90 min flight, 60 min drive, or 120 min boat ride