Module 4: Section 2 - Alcohols, Haloalkanes and Analysis Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Module 4: Section 2 - Alcohols, Haloalkanes and Analysis Deck (14):
1

What does refluxing do

makes sure you don't lose and volatile organic sunstances

2

What does distillation do

It separates using different boiling points

3

What does separation do

removes any water soluble impurities from the product

4

Alkane to Haloalkane

U.V Light

5

Haloalkane to Alcohol

NaOH or KOH, H2O reflux

6

Alcohol to aldehyde

K2Cr2O7, H2SO4 It has to be a primary alcohol and distilled

7

Alcohol to carboxylic acid

K2Cr2O7 reflux it has to be a primary alcohol

8

Alcohol to Ketone

heat secondary alcohol relux and K2Cr2O7

9

Alcohol to haloalkane

H2SO4 20 c

10

Alcohol to alkene

H2SO4 or H3PO4 concentrated

11

Alkene to alcohol

H3PO4 Steam catalyst

12

Alkene to Dihaloalkanes

X2 20 c

13

Alkene to Alkane

H2 nickle catalyst 150c

14

Alkene to Haloalkane

HX, 20c