Nicotine Addiction Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Nicotine Addiction Deck (64)
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1

What are the effects of nicotine on the body?

increased arousal
Increased HR, BP, RR,

2

What is the effect of nicotine on blood sugar levels?

Hyperglycemia

3

True or false: nicotine is the cause of the cardiac disease, not the smoking itself

True

4

What are the neurotranmitters that are increased in the brain in reponse to nicotine?

Dopamine/NE
Acetylcholine
5HT, GABA

5

How is tobacco addiction a habit?

Learned behavior that is precticed over time

6

The smell of dopamine releases what neurotransmitter in addicted individuals?

Dopamine

7

What is the definition of a cigarette?

ANy roll of tobacco wrapped in paper or any substance not containing tobacco

8

What ingredient in cigarettes provides a mild anethesia?

Menthol

9

True or false: there is no such thing as a "light" cigarette

True

10

What are tobacco specific nitrosamines found in? Why is this concerning?

chew--highly carcinogenic and end up in lung

11

Why is snuff, in some respects, more concerning than cigarettes?

Contains more nicotine per dose

12

What is the definition of a cigar?

Any roll of tobacco wrapped in leaf tobacco or any substance containing tobacco

13

How much nicotine is contained within one cigar?

100-444 mg

14

True or false: the only way to get the nicotine found in a cigar is through smoking it

False--absorbed through mouth/lips

15

What are the five A's of tobacco treatment?

Ask
Advise
Assess
Assist
Arrange

16

What is the relevance part of the 5 Rs?

Why it is personal

17

What is the risks part of the 5 Rs?

identify consequences

18

What is the rewards part of the 5 Rs?

Identify benefits

19

What is the roadblocks part of the 5 Rs?

What are the barriers

20

What is the repetition part of the 5 Rs?

Re-valuate with each visit

21

What is the ask part of the 5 As

Identify users

22

What is the advise part of the 5 As?

Strongly urge users to quit

23

What is th assess part of the 5 As?

Determing willinness to quit

24

What is the assist part of the 5 As?

aid the pt

25

What is the arrange part of the 5 As?

Schedule f/u

26

True or false: there are no TSAs in nicotine treatment options, like the patch

True

27

How many mg of nicotine are absorbed with the patch?

17 mg

28

What is the timeframe for treatment for nicotine addication?

6 months

29

What is a common side effect of the patch? What is the treatment for this?

Vivid dreams--take off during sleeping

30

True or false: unless the patient is adamant anout it, you never use just nicotine gum

True-- too low of a dose