Nucleotide/ Polynucleotide Structure Flashcards Preview

DNA, RNA and Protein Synthesis - Biology - Alevel > Nucleotide/ Polynucleotide Structure > Flashcards

Flashcards in Nucleotide/ Polynucleotide Structure Deck (5)
1

What are the monomers of rna and dna

Nucleotides

So rna and dna are polymers of nucleotides

2

What is a nucleotide

Biological molecule

Pentose sugar - 5 carbon sugar.

Nitrogen base

Phosphate group

3

What do many nucleotides join together to make?

Polynucleotides

Nucleotides join up between the phosphate of one nucleotide and sugar of another.

Phosphodiester bond

4

How is phosphodiester bond formed?

Condensation reaction

One molecule water released

5

Chain of phosphates and sugars is called ?

Sugar phosphate back backbone