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Flashcards in Nutrition Deck (20)
1

what are the 5 As of behaviour change?

ask (discuss diet)
assess (habits, motivation)
advise (health benefits)
agree (set goals)
assist (monitor and support)

2

what cancer is caused by alcohol?

oesophageal
stomach

3

what cancer is caused by salt?

stomach
increased H. pylori risk which causes stomach cancer

4

what cancers does red and processed meat increase the risk of?

colorectal
non-cardia gastric
oesophageal

5

exercise targets?

150 mins mod-intense per week
(cardio and muscle strengthening)

6

red and processed meat guidance?

<70g per day
<500g per week

7

salt target?

<6g per day

8

BMI ranges?

underweight = <18.5
normal = 18.5 - 24.9
overweight = 25> 29.9
Obese I = 30 - 34.9
Obese II = 35-40
Obese III = >40

9

how is MUST calculated?

BMI:
- >20 = 0
- 18.5 - 20 = 1
- <18.5 = 2
Unplanned weight loss:
- <5% = 0
- 5-10% = 1
- >10% = 2
Acutely ill + likely to not have had nutritional intake for 5 days
- Yes = 2
- No = 0

10

what increases and decreases risk of diverticula disease?

less fibre and more animal fat = increases risk
exercise and fluids = decreased risk

11

what can be used to indicate BMI of the patient?

middle upper arm circumference (MUAC)

12

what can be used to indicate height of the patient?

Ulna length

13

what can be used to indicate muscle function?

grip strength dynamometer

14

what can be used to indicate body fat?

triceps skinfold test

15

what is malnutrition?

deficiency of energy, protein and other nutrients causing adverse affects on tissue, body form, function and clinical outcome

16

when is enteral tube feeding used?

inadequate or unsafe oral intake
functional accessible GI tract

17

when is enteral tube feeding not used?

lower GI obstruction
prolonged intestinal ileus
severe diarrhoea and vomiting
high enterocutaneous fistula
intestinal ischaemia

18

when is parenteral nutrition used?

inadequate or unsafe oral and/or enteral intake
non functional, inaccessible or perforated GI tract

19

what is refeeding syndrome?

fatal shifts in fluids and electrolytes and disturbances in organ function and metabolic regulation that may result from rapid initiation of refeeding after period of under-nutrition

20

what might refeeding syndrome result in?

arrhythmias
altered consciousness
seizure
resp failure
CVS collapse
death