Flashcards in Nutrition Deck (20)
what are the 5 As of behaviour change?
ask (discuss diet)
assess (habits, motivation)
advise (health benefits)
agree (set goals)
assist (monitor and support)
what cancer is caused by alcohol?
what cancer is caused by salt?
increased H. pylori risk which causes stomach cancer
what cancers does red and processed meat increase the risk of?
150 mins mod-intense per week
(cardio and muscle strengthening)
red and processed meat guidance?
<70g per day
<500g per week
<6g per day
underweight = <18.5
normal = 18.5 - 24.9
overweight = 25> 29.9
Obese I = 30 - 34.9
Obese II = 35-40
Obese III = >40
how is MUST calculated?
- >20 = 0
- 18.5 - 20 = 1
- <18.5 = 2
Unplanned weight loss:
- <5% = 0
- 5-10% = 1
- >10% = 2
Acutely ill + likely to not have had nutritional intake for 5 days
- Yes = 2
- No = 0
what increases and decreases risk of diverticula disease?
less fibre and more animal fat = increases risk
exercise and fluids = decreased risk
what can be used to indicate BMI of the patient?
middle upper arm circumference (MUAC)
what can be used to indicate height of the patient?
what can be used to indicate muscle function?
grip strength dynamometer
what can be used to indicate body fat?
triceps skinfold test
what is malnutrition?
deficiency of energy, protein and other nutrients causing adverse affects on tissue, body form, function and clinical outcome
when is enteral tube feeding used?
inadequate or unsafe oral intake
functional accessible GI tract
when is enteral tube feeding not used?
lower GI obstruction
prolonged intestinal ileus
severe diarrhoea and vomiting
high enterocutaneous fistula
when is parenteral nutrition used?
inadequate or unsafe oral and/or enteral intake
non functional, inaccessible or perforated GI tract
what is refeeding syndrome?
fatal shifts in fluids and electrolytes and disturbances in organ function and metabolic regulation that may result from rapid initiation of refeeding after period of under-nutrition