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Flashcards in pain and thermoregulation Deck (15)
1

Specific peripheral primary sensory afferent neurones?

nociceptors

2

where are cell bodies of nociceptors found?

dorsal root ganglia or trigeminal root ganglia

3

first order neurones that relay information to second order neurones in the CNS by chemical synaptic transmission

nociceptors

4

thinly myelinated nociceptors?

aD fibres

5

nociceptors that are unmyelinated?

c fibres

6

Mediate ‘first’, or fast, pain

a delta fibres (myelinated so faster)

7

Mediate ‘second’, or slow, pain

c fibres

8

sub classification of a delta fibres?

Type I (HTM: High Threshold Mechanoreceptors) - require strong mechanical stimuli for activation, activated by noxious heat (threshold > 53ºC).

Type II - respond to noxious mechanical stimuli and also to noxious heat (threshold 43ºC – 47ºC), sensitive to capsaicin.

9

sub classification of c fibres?

CMH
CM
CH
CMH
m= mechano, H = heat

10

responsive to environmental stimuli
site of release of molecules that influence local tissue environment

peripheral terminal

11

not responsive to environmental stimuli
Site of Ca2+-dependent transmitter release (e.g. glutamate, neuropeptides

central terminal

12

where are primary afferent cell bodies located?

dorsal root glanglia (trigeminal root glanglia in face)

13

pathway of V1, V2 and V3?

Soma of sensory neurones are located in the trigeminal sensory ganglion

Central terminals of the trigeminal nerve synapse upon second order neurones in the chief sensory nucleus (general tactile stimuli), or spinal nucleus (pain, temperature information) which in turn decussate and project (via the trigeminal lemniscus) to the ventroposteriomedial (VPM) nucleus of the thalamus

14

Neurotransmission Between the Primary Afferent and Second Order Neurone in the Dorsal Horn. what is the main neurotransmitter?

glutamate (pain in arse)

15

what does glutamate activate

NMDA and AMPA receptors