Personality Disorders Flashcards Preview

Psychiatry pro +1700 > Personality Disorders > Flashcards

Flashcards in Personality Disorders Deck (68)
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1

What is identity?

Experience of oneself as unique, with clear boundaries between self and others

2

What is self-direction?

Pursuit of coherent and meaningful short term and life goals

3

What is empathy?

Comprehension and appreciation of others' experiences and motivations

4

What is intimacy?

Depth and duration of connection with others; desire and capacity for closeness;

5

True or false: a healthy personality is flexible

True

6

True or false: a healthy personality has a varied repertoire of coping strategies

True

7

True or false: a healthy personality responds more to internal beliefs that to external stimuli

False--other way around

8

True or false: a healthy personality develops responses driven by current (rather than past) conditions

True

9

What is negative affectivity?

("proneness to negative emotions")--Frequent, intense experiences of high levels of a wide range of negative emotions

10

What is detachment?

Avoidance of socioemotional experience, including both withdrawl from interpersonal interactions and restricted affective experience and expression

11

What is antagonism?

Behaviors that put the individual at odds with other people, including an exaggerated sense of self-importances and a concomitant expectation of special treatment

12

What is disinhibition?

Orientation towards immediate gratification leading to impulsive behavior without regard for past learning or future consequences

13

What is psychoticism?

Exhibiting a wide range of culturally incongruent odd, eccentric, or unusual behaviors or cognitions

14

What is the definition of a personality disorder?

An enduring pattern of inner experience and behavior that is markedly different from the expectations of the individuals cultures

15

What are the areas that are affected with personality disorders? How many must be affected to diagnose someone with personality disorder?

-Cognition ("think")
-Affectivity ("feel")
-Interpersonal functioning
-Impulse control

2/4

16

True or false: Personality disorders needs to be persistent across a range of situations and is inflexible

True

17

True or false: Personality disorders need to be cause clinically significant distress or impairment

True

18

True or false: personality disorders need to be stable over time

True

19

When do personality disorders present? What happens as you grow older?

Onset of adolescence or early adulthood

Generally become more normal as they age

20

What does it mean for a personality pattern to be inflexible?

Needs to apply to all situations, regardless of variables of the situation

21

What is the prevalence of personality disorders in:
-the general population
-Primary care population
-Psychiatric outpatients

-10-15% of general populations
-20-30% of primary care
-50% of psychiatric outpatients

22

What is the only age at which a personality disorder can be diagnosed?

18+

23

True or false: Those with personality disorders often misperceive the clinician's intents

True

24

True or false: if the pt and clinician are having difficulty comprehending the other's perspective, this is suggestive of a personality disorder

True

25

Do personality disorders need to be consistent across time?

Yes

26

What is ego-dystonic?

When past personality is incongruent with current self

27

What is ego-syntonic?

Self now is congruent with past self

28

Are personality disorders generally ego-syntonic or ego-dystonic?

syntonic

29

True or false: maladaptive interpersonal patterns increase under stress

True

30

What percent of individuals who meet full criteria for one personality disorder will meet full criteria for another?

60%