Flashcards in Personality Disorders Deck (68)
What is identity?
Experience of oneself as unique, with clear boundaries between self and others
What is self-direction?
Pursuit of coherent and meaningful short term and life goals
What is empathy?
Comprehension and appreciation of others' experiences and motivations
What is intimacy?
Depth and duration of connection with others; desire and capacity for closeness;
True or false: a healthy personality is flexible
True or false: a healthy personality has a varied repertoire of coping strategies
True or false: a healthy personality responds more to internal beliefs that to external stimuli
False--other way around
True or false: a healthy personality develops responses driven by current (rather than past) conditions
What is negative affectivity?
("proneness to negative emotions")--Frequent, intense experiences of high levels of a wide range of negative emotions
What is detachment?
Avoidance of socioemotional experience, including both withdrawl from interpersonal interactions and restricted affective experience and expression
What is antagonism?
Behaviors that put the individual at odds with other people, including an exaggerated sense of self-importances and a concomitant expectation of special treatment
What is disinhibition?
Orientation towards immediate gratification leading to impulsive behavior without regard for past learning or future consequences
What is psychoticism?
Exhibiting a wide range of culturally incongruent odd, eccentric, or unusual behaviors or cognitions
What is the definition of a personality disorder?
An enduring pattern of inner experience and behavior that is markedly different from the expectations of the individuals cultures
What are the areas that are affected with personality disorders? How many must be affected to diagnose someone with personality disorder?
True or false: Personality disorders needs to be persistent across a range of situations and is inflexible
True or false: Personality disorders need to be cause clinically significant distress or impairment
True or false: personality disorders need to be stable over time
When do personality disorders present? What happens as you grow older?
Onset of adolescence or early adulthood
Generally become more normal as they age
What does it mean for a personality pattern to be inflexible?
Needs to apply to all situations, regardless of variables of the situation
What is the prevalence of personality disorders in:
-the general population
-Primary care population
-10-15% of general populations
-20-30% of primary care
-50% of psychiatric outpatients
What is the only age at which a personality disorder can be diagnosed?
True or false: Those with personality disorders often misperceive the clinician's intents
True or false: if the pt and clinician are having difficulty comprehending the other's perspective, this is suggestive of a personality disorder
Do personality disorders need to be consistent across time?
What is ego-dystonic?
When past personality is incongruent with current self
What is ego-syntonic?
Self now is congruent with past self
Are personality disorders generally ego-syntonic or ego-dystonic?
True or false: maladaptive interpersonal patterns increase under stress