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Flashcards in Pharmachology Deck (125)
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What are the four major sources that medications have been identified from?

Plants
Animals/humans
Minerals
Chemical/synthetic products

1

What three categories are drugs/medications classified by?

Body system
Class of agent
Mechanism of action

2

What are sympathomimetics?

Drugs that mimic the sympathetic nervous system.

3

What are sympatholytics?

Drugs that inhibit the sympathetic nervous system

4

What is the neurotransmitter used in the sympathetic nervous system?

Norepinephrine

5

What is the neurotransmitter used in the parasympathetic nervous system?

Acetylcholine

6

What is a commonly used parasympatholytic drug used for symptomatic bradycardia and exposure to certain nerve agents?

Atropine

7

How does the drug atropine work?

It binds with acetylcholine receptors to prevent the acetylcholine from exerting its effect.

8

What four stages do drugs go through?

Absorption
Distribution
Metabolism
Excretion

9

What are the seven forms of medication?

Solid drugs
Liquid drugs
Meter dose inhalers
Topical medications
Transcutaneous medications
Gels
Gases

10

What three ways are drugs administered?

Inhalation route
Enteral route
Parenteral route

11

What does enteral mean?

Drugs that are administered though any portion of the GI tract
(Sublingual, buccal, oral, rectal, nasogastric routes)

12

What does parenteral mean?

Drugs that are administered any route other than GI tract
(Intravenous, intramuscular, intraosseous, subcutaneous, transdermal/transcutaneous, intrathecal, inhalation, intralingual, intradermal, umbilical injection)

13

What up does intravenous mean?

Into the vein

14

What does intramuscular mean?

Into the muscle

15

What does intraosseous mean?

Into the bone

16

What does subcutaneous mean?

Beneath the skin

17

What does transdermal/transcutaneous mean?

Thorough the skin (absorbed medications)

18

What does intrathecal mean?

Within the spinal canal (drug administered into the subarachnoid space)

19

What does intralingual mean?

Within the tongue

20

What does intradermal mean?

Within the skin (TB shots)

21

What are four drugs that are administered via the endotracheal route? (LEAN)

Lidocaine
Epinephrine
Atropine
Naloxene (narcan)

22

What is biotransformation?

The chemical alteration that a substance undergoes in the body

23

What is the primary organ for biotransformation?

The liver

24

What is idiosyncrasy?

A completely unique response in a particular individual

25

What are the six rights of drug administration?

Right patient
Right drug
Right dose
Right route
Right time
Right documentation

26

What are elixirs?

Preparations taken orally made up of sweetened, aromatic, hydroalcoholic liquid

ALCOHOL MIXTURE

27

What are syrups?

Mixtures with a high sugar content that are designed to disguise the taste of medication

SUGAR MIXTURE

28

What are emulsions?

A mixture of two liquids that are not mutually soluble

OIL MIXTURE

29

What are six types of liquid drugs?

Suspensions
Tinctures
Spirits
Elixirs
Syrups
Emulsions