Flashcards in Physiological and Acoustic Phonetics: A speech Science Foundation Deck (23):
What are the four things we need for speech
What is the study of sound systems and patterns used to create the sounds and words of a language?
What are the smallest units of sound that can affect meaning?
____is the abstract system of sounds. _______ is the concrete production of specific sounds
What is a wave with horizontal and vertical symmetry that contains one peak and one valley and has a single frequency?
what dB is conversational speech?
50 to 70 dB
what is the influence of one phoneme upon another production and perception wherein two different articulators move simultaneously to produce two different speech sounds?
what are the two properties the affect sound transmission?
mass and elasticity
A natural frequency is a frequency
with which a sound source vibrates naturally
the back and forth movement of air molecules because of a vibrating object is referred to as
the lowest frequency of a periodic wave is also known as
the fundamental frequency of the first harmonic
____ varies mostly as a result of tongue height
______ varies mostly as a result of tongue advancement (variation in the anterior to posterior position of the tongue in the oral cavity
what formant is closely related to the oral cavity size
What is a characteristic of the distinctive feature analysis
it is a binary system
Tongue lowering reduces the size of the pharyngeal cavity and does which
Tongue fronting reduces the size of the oral cavity and does which
the rules on how sounds can be combined to make words
phonology or phonotactics
decreasing the size of the oral cavity increases ___
Tongue low in mouth, small pharyngeal cavity, high ___
Tongue high in mouth, large pharyngeal cavity, low ___
Tongue forward in mouth, small oral cavity, high ___