Physiological and Acoustic Phonetics: A speech Science Foundation Flashcards Preview

SLP Praxis > Physiological and Acoustic Phonetics: A speech Science Foundation > Flashcards

Flashcards in Physiological and Acoustic Phonetics: A speech Science Foundation Deck (23):
1

What are the four things we need for speech

respiration
phonation
resonation
articulation

2

What is the study of sound systems and patterns used to create the sounds and words of a language?

phonology

3

What are the smallest units of sound that can affect meaning?

phonemes

4

____is the abstract system of sounds. _______ is the concrete production of specific sounds

phonemic
phonetic

5

What is a wave with horizontal and vertical symmetry that contains one peak and one valley and has a single frequency?

sinusoidal wave

6

what dB is conversational speech?

50 to 70 dB

7

what is the influence of one phoneme upon another production and perception wherein two different articulators move simultaneously to produce two different speech sounds?

coarticulation

8

what are the two properties the affect sound transmission?

mass and elasticity

9

A natural frequency is a frequency

with which a sound source vibrates naturally

10

the back and forth movement of air molecules because of a vibrating object is referred to as

osscilation

11

the lowest frequency of a periodic wave is also known as

the fundamental frequency of the first harmonic

12

____ varies mostly as a result of tongue height

F1

13

______ varies mostly as a result of tongue advancement (variation in the anterior to posterior position of the tongue in the oral cavity

f2

14

what formant is closely related to the oral cavity size

F2

15

What is a characteristic of the distinctive feature analysis

it is a binary system

16

Tongue lowering reduces the size of the pharyngeal cavity and does which

increase F1

17


Tongue fronting reduces the size of the oral cavity and does which

increase F2

18

the rules on how sounds can be combined to make words

phonology or phonotactics

19

decreasing the size of the oral cavity increases ___

F2

20

Tongue low in mouth, small pharyngeal cavity, high ___

F1

21

Tongue high in mouth, large pharyngeal cavity, low ___

F1

22

Tongue forward in mouth, small oral cavity, high ___

F2

23

Tongue back in mouth, large oral cavity, low ___

F2