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Poisonings and Acutely Ill Child > Poisonings > Flashcards

Flashcards in Poisonings Deck (42):
1

T/F More than 90% of poisonings occur in the home and most involve only a single substance

T

2

Majority of exposures occur in what age group

Less than 6 years, almost all are unintentional; second peak in adolescence, primarily intentional hence more severe

3

ODOR - TOXIN: Bitter almonds

Cyanide

4

ODOR - TOXIN: Acetone

Isopropyl alcohol, Methanol, Paraldehyde, Salicylates

5

ODOR - TOXIN: Wintergreen

Methylsalicylate

6

ODOR - TOXIN: Garlic

Arsenic, thallium, organophosphates, selenium

7

OCULAR SIGNS - TOXIN: Miosis

Opioids, organophosphates and other cholinergics, clonidine, phenothiazines, sedative-hypnotics, olanzapine

8

OCULAR SIGNS - TOXIN: Mydriasis

Atropine, cocaine, amphetamines, TCAs, carbamazepine, serotonin syndrome, PCP, LSD, post-anoxic encephalopathy

9

OCULAR SIGNS - TOXIN: Nystagmus

Phenytoin, barbiturates, sedative-hypnotics, alcohols, carbamazepine, PCP, ketamine, dextromethorphan

10

OCULAR SIGNS - TOXIN: Lacrimation

Organophosphates, irritant gas or vapors

11

OCULAR SIGNS - TOXIN: Retinal hyperemia

Methanol

12

OCULAR SIGNS - TOXIN: Poor vision

Methanol, botulism, carbon monoxide

13

CUTANEOUS SIGNS - TOXIN: Needle tracks

Heroinm PCP, amphetamines

14

CUTANEOUS SIGNS - TOXIN: Bullae

CO, barbiturates

15

CUTANEOUS SIGNS - TOXIN: Dry, hot skin

Anticholinergics

16

CUTANEOUS SIGNS - TOXIN: Diaphoresis

Organophosphates, nitrates, muscarinic mushrooms, aspirin, cocaine

17

CUTANEOUS SIGNS - TOXIN: Alopecia

Thallium, arsenic, lead, mercury

18

CUTANEOUS SIGNS - TOXIN: Erythma

Boric acid, mercury, cyanide, anticholinergics

19

ORAL SIGNS - TOXIN: Salivation

Organophosphates, salicylates, corrosives, strychnine

20

ORAL SIGNS - TOXIN: Dry mouth

Amphetamines, anticholinergics, antihistamine

21

ORAL SIGNS - TOXIN: Burns

Corrosives, oxalate-containing plants

22

ORAL SIGNS - TOXIN: Gum lines

Lead, mercury, arsenic

23

ORAL SIGNS - TOXIN: Dysphagia

Corrosives, botulism

24

Antidote: Acetaminophen

N-acetylcysteine

25

Antidote: Organophsophate/Pesticides

Atropine, pralidoxime

26

Antidote: Arsenic, mercury, other metals

BAL (dimercaprol)

27

Antidote: Iron

Deferoxamine

28

Antidote: Digitalis

Digoxin-specific Fab antibodies

29

Antidote: Extrapyramidal symptoms

Diphen

30

Antidote: Lead, manganese, nickel

EDTA

31

Antidote: Methanol, ethylene glycol

Ethanol, Fomepizole

32

Antidote: Benzodiazepines

Flumazenil

33

Antidote: Beta blockers, Caclium channel blockers

Glucagon

34

Antidote: Hypoglycemic agents

Glucagon

35

Antidote: Methemoglobinemia

Methylene blue

36

Antidote: INH

Pyridoxine

37

Antidote: Gyromitra mushrooms

Pyridoxine

38

Antidote: Narcotics

Naloxone

39

Antidote: Sulfonylureas

Ocreotide

40

Antidote: Physostigmine

Anticholinergics

41

Antidote: CO

O2

42

Antidote: Coumarin

Vitamin K