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Flashcards in Problem 1 Deck (62)
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1

Saggital Plane

Devides brain into left and right

2

Coronal Plane

Devides Brain into front and back

3

Horizontal Plane

Devides brain into upper and lower parts

4

Medial

towards the middle

5

Lateral

towards the side

6

Ipsilateral

location is on same side of the body

7

Contralateral

location is on opposite sides of body

8

superior

above

9

inferior

below

10

Anterior/Rostral

towards the nose

11

Posterior/Caudal

towards the back of the head/tail

12

Dorsal

towards top of the head

13

Ventral

towards chest/ bottom of head

14

Afferent Neuron

carries information into region of interest

15

Efferent Neuron

carries information out of / away from region of interest

16

Central nervous System

Division of the nervous system that consists of brain and Spinal cord

17

Division of the CNS

1. Forebrain
Telencephalon
Diencephalon

2. Mesencephalon ( Midbrain )

3. Hindbrain
Metencephalon
Myelencephalon ( Medulla)

4. Spinal Cord

18

Telencephalon ( Subdivisions )

Cortex, Basal Ganglia

19

Diencephalon ( Subdivisions )

Thalamus, Hypothalamus

20

Metencephalon ( Subdivisions )

Cerebellum, Pons

21

Peripheral Nervous System

Division of Nervous System, consisting of all the nerves lying outside the CNS

Allows CNS to send and receive information to other areas of the body

22

Division of the PNS

Somatic NS : Interacts with the external environment

Autonomic NS : Regulates the body internal environment

23

Substructures of the Frontal Lobe

- Prefrontal Cortex
- Motor Cortex
- Brocas Area

24

Brocas Area

- Production of written and spoken language

- Processing and comprehending language

25

Prefrontal Cortex

Assessing and controlling appropriate behaviour

-reasoning, planning, judgement

26

Premotor Cortex

Preparing movement

27

Primary Motor Cortex

controls the excecution of movement

28

Role of the Frontal Lobe

- voluntary movement

- decision making

- language

29

Role of Occipital Lobes

- primary visual area of the brain
--> input from retina

30

Substructure of the Occipital Lobes

- dorsal stream
- ventral stream