Psychiatric Disorders Flashcards Preview

Psychiatry pro +1700 > Psychiatric Disorders > Flashcards

Flashcards in Psychiatric Disorders Deck (80)
Loading flashcards...
1

What are the two psychiatric disorders?

-Bipolar
-Schizophrenia

2

What were the four A's of psychosis?

-Autism
-Apathy
-Associations (loose)
-Affect (flat)

3

What are the first rank symptoms of psychosis?

-Delusions
-Hallucinations
-Hearing voices
-Thought withdrawl
-Imposed feelings/impulses

4

What are the diagnostic criteria for schizophrenia? (5) How many are needed?

-Delusions
-Hallucination
-Disorganized thinking/speech
-Disorganized or abnormal motor behavior
-Negative symptoms


-1 or more

5

What are delusions?

Fixed beliefs that are not amenable to change in light of conflicting evidence

6

What are persecutory delusions?

Harmed or harassed by individual or group

7

What are referential delusions?

Gestures, comments, environmental cues are directed at oneself

8

What are grandiose delusions?

Individuals believe that they have exceptional abilities of wealth or fame

9

What are erotomanic delusions?

Individuals believes falsely that another person is in love with them

10

What are nihilistic deulsions?

Involve a conviction that a major catastrophe will occur

11

What are somatic delusions?

Preoccupation regarding health and organ function

12

In what mental health disorder is somatic delusions common in?

MDD

13

What is the age distribution of MDD

Bimodal--20s and 60s

14

What are hallucinations?

Perception-like experiences that occur without an external stimuli

15

What are auditory hallucinations?

Voices distinct from an individual's thoughts

16

What is disorganized speech? What must be present in order to diagnose this correctly?

Inferred from the individual's speech and it *must impair communication*

17

What is derailments or loose association speech?

Switching from topic to topic

18

What is tangentiality or loose association speech?

Answers to questions obliquely related or unrelated

19

What is incoherence or loose association speech?

"word salad"--Severely disorganized resembling receptive aphasia

20

What are the grossly disorganized or abnormal motor behaviors? When in particular are the noticeable?

Behavior that manifests in a variety of ways from childlike silliness to unpredictable agitations.

Problems may be noted in any form of goal directed behavior including performing ADLs

21

Why do schizophrenics smell bad?

They have a disturbed sense of smell

22

What is negativism catatonia?

Resistance to instruction

23

What is mutism and stupor catatonia?

Ridigs, inappropriate or bizarre posture to a complete lack of verbal or motor responses

24

What is catatonic excitment?

Purposeless and excessive motor activity without an obvious cause

25

True or false: catatonia can occur in bipolar, depressive, or other medical conditions

True

26

Are echolalia and coprolalia forms of catatonia?

Yes

27

What are the negative symptoms of psychosis?

Diminished emotional expression--reductions in the expression of emotions in face, eye contact and intonation of speech

28

What is avolition?

Decrease in motivated self initiated purposeful activities

29

What is alogia?

Diminished speech output--sometimes to the point of mutism

30

What is anhedonia?

Decreased ability to experience pleasure from positive stimuli or degradation in the recollection of pleasure previously experienced