Psychiatry Definitions Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Psychiatry Definitions Deck (15):
1

Hallucination

Perception in the absence of stimuli

2

Illusion

Misperception of real stimuli

3

Pseudohallucinations

Appear to arise in patients mind rather than sensory organ

4

Overvalued idea

a plausible idea that a patient becomes preoccupied with and causes them distress

5

Delusion

An inflexible, incorrigible, illogical idea out of keeping with cultural norms

6

Flight of ideas

o Thinking is accelerated causing a stream of connected concepts

7

Loosening of association

o Patients train of thought shifts between unconnected ideas

8

Thought block

Patients thoughts suddenly stop mid sentence

9

Circumstantial speech

speech that is delayed reaching its final goal but does reach a destination

10

Tangential thought

speaker never reaches original point

11

Delusional disorder

Involves the development of a delusion for at least 3 months, where delusions are the only symptom. However, delusions of thought control, which is a first rank symptom of schizophrenia, aren’t normally present. The typical onset is later than schizophrenia, normally in middle age.

12

Obsession

involuntary thoughts, images or compulsions. They are often intrusive and distressing for patients.

13

Compulsions

repetitive mental operations (e.g. counting) or physical acts (e.g. hand washing). Patients feel compelled to perform them, and help reduce anxiety.

14

OCD diagnosis in ICD 10 (4)

• Obsession and compulsions must be present for at least 2 weeks and be a source of distress
• Acknowledged as coming from the patient’s own mind
• The obsessions are unpleasantly repetitive
• A compulsive act is not pleasurable, except for the relief of anxiety

15

Personality

characteristic patterns of behaviour and modes of thinking that determine a person’s adjustment to the environment