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Biology Revision Year 2 > Respiration > Flashcards

Flashcards in Respiration Deck (42)
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1

what are the carriers in the ETC called?

cytochromes

2

how many molecules of ATP are made per molecule of glucose? (ETC)

38

3

how many ATP are made in glycolysis?

4 (2 net)

4

what does each molecule of pyruvate turn into in the link reaction?

acetyl CoA

5

what product is formed in muscle cells in anaerobic respiration?

lactic acid

6

what phases of respiration involve oxidative phosphorylation?

ETC

7

how many ATPs are made in the link reaction?

0

8

what is the role of O2 in the ETC?

O2 is an electron acceptor

9

how many molecules of ATP are made per molecule of NADH2? (ETC)

3

10

where does the link reaction take place?

the mitochondrial matrix

11

how many molecules of ATP are made per molecule of FADH2? (ETC)

2

12

how many molecules of NADH2 are made per Krebs cycle?

6

13

how many molecules of ATP are made per Krebs?

2

14

how many molecules of NADH2 are made per link reaction cycle?

2

15

where does the Krebs cycle take place?

matrix

16

how many Krebs are there per molecule of glucose?

2

17

which phases of respiration involve substrate level phosphorylation?

Glycolysis, Krebs, Link

18

what does the 6 carbon glucose molecule turn into in glycolysis?

2 x 3 carbon pyruvate

19

how many molecules of ATP are yielded per molecule of glucose in anaerobic respiration?

2

20

where is the electron transport chain?

cristae

21

what product is formed in plant cells in anaerobic respiration?

ethanol

22

how many molecules of FADH2 are made per Krebs cycle?

2

23

where does glycolysis take place?

in the CYTOPLASM

24

how many molecules of NADH2 are made in glycolysis?

2

25

where does glycolysis take place?

in the CYTOPLASM of the cell

26

is glycolysis aerobic or anaerobic?

anaerobic

27

what is the yield of glycolysis?

4 ATP (2 nett) 2 NADH

28

how does the pyruvate go into the mitochondrion for the link?

active transport

29

what reaction turns glucose to GP and hexose biphosphate?

phosphorylation (ATP goes to ADP)

30

what reaction turns TP pyruvic acid?

oxidation ( loss of hydrogen to make NAD into NADH)