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Flashcards in Review Deck (73)
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1

What is strict/complete isolation. Examples

Disease spreading through air or direct contact. Measles, staph

2

Droplet isolation. Example

Disease spread via droplets of mucous. Pertussis, meningitis

3

Blood and body fluids precaution. Examples

Disease that can be transmitted via bodily fluids. Dysentery, HIV

4

Respiratory isolation. Examples

Disease through exhaled particles. TB, whooping cough

5

Contact isolation. Examples.

Disease spreads through direct contact. Skin and wound infections.

6

Reverse isolation. Examples

Of patient is susceptible to infection. Transplant, chemo or burn victims.

7

What is the length of a lancer system and how deep are baby's bones.

Lancet is 2.4 mm. Baby's bone is 2.5 mm

8

What are the sizes of needles?

Small - 23-25
Medium 21-22
Large 16-18

9

What is on the label?

Patient name
Date of draw
Time of draw
Your initials

10

What are the veins of the antecubital fossa in order or preference ?

Median cubital
Cephalic
Basilic (near median cutaneous nerve and brachial artery)

11

What are suitable veins? 2

Muscular
Heavy

12

What are unsuitable veins? 5

Bumpy
Hard, cord-like veins
Rolling
Small
Swollen

13

What are very suitable veins? 1

Deep vein

14

What does virulence mean?

Potency

15

What is normal Ph scale?

7.4

16

What is more basic? Blood or water?

Blood

17

What is serum in relationship to plasma?

Serum is plasma with the fibrin removed (no clotting)

18

How much testing is done on serum?

60%

19

What is fibrin?

Substance that forms clots

20

How long is the red blood cell life span?

100-120 days

21

Where are red blood cells produced and stored?

Bone marrow and stored in spleen

22

What is the production of new blood cells called?

Hemopoeisis

23

What is a new erythrocyte called?

Reticulocyte

24

What are leukocytes known as?

Body's internal defense system

25

What are neutrophils?

First responders to inflammation

26

What are eosinophils?

Help suppress the symptoms of asthma and allergies

27

What are basophils?

Causes the symptoms of an allergic reaction. Releases heparin. Agitators.

28

What are monocytes?

Attack and destroy foreign cells by phagocytosis. In the tissues they are called macrophages.

29

What are lymphocytes?

Two types - T cells that attack the pathogen. B cells that produce antibodies.

30

What is hemostasis?

Ability to clot and close an open wound.