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Flashcards in Risk factors for CVD Deck (28)
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1

What is the term for a characteristic or feature of an individual or population demonstrated statisticall to increase the chance of a future disease?

Risk factor

2

What is the term for strategies to reduce risk of an initial adverse event

Primary prevention

3

What is the term for strategies to reduce risk of a new adverse event in a patient with a known disease or condition?

Secondary prevention

4

What makes primary prevention difficult?

Have to treat entire populations

5

Which are usually more cost effective: primary or secondary prevention techniques?

Secondary

6

What does it mean that risk factors for CVD are synergistic?

All risks greater than sum of their parts

7

True or false: the majority of CHD events will occur in pts with two or more risk factors

False--only one risk factor

8

True or false: abnormal lipids, smoking, HTN, DM, abdominal obesity, and psychosocial factors, universally increase the risk for CVD

True

9

Therapeutic intervention in pts with known disease is what level of prevention?

Secondary

10

Identification and targeting of high risk individuals is what level of prevention?

Primary

11

True or false: elevated serum cholesterol levels are directly linked to atherosclerosis

True

12

What is dyslipidemia?

disorder of lipid and lipoprotein absoprtion, and synthesis

13

What level of total cholesterol is the average risk of morbidity?

240 mg/L

14

What is the optimal level of LDL? Very high risk?

190 mg/dl = very high

15

What level of total cholesterol is desireable?

16

What is the prevalence of dyslipiemia in the US?

50% have >200 mg/dl of total cholesterol

17

What is the basic principle of dyslipidemia assessment?

higher risk = more than one marker or singl severe marker

18

How often should lipid levels be assessed after age 20?

q 5 years

19

What are the risk equivalency factors?

1. DM
2. Non-coronary atherosclerotic arterial disease

20

What does it mean for a risk factor to be a risk equivalency?

It's like already having heart disease

21

How many times greater is the risk for CVD if you smoke?

3x

22

Stopping smoking reduces the risk of CVD by what percent in the first year?

50%

23

What is the leading preventable cause of death in the US?

Smoking

24

What percent of people over the age of 60 have HTN?

66%

25

a 7 mmHg increase in BP increases the risk of CAD what percent?

27%

26

Adequate intake of what two minerals will decrease the risk of developing HTN?

K
Ca

27

Which type of DM increases the risk for CVD more?

Type 1

28

What is the leading cause of death in patients with DM?

Heart disease