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Spinal Anatomy Exam 2 > sacrum > Flashcards

Flashcards in sacrum Deck (31):
1

what part of the sacral ala is derived from the costal element?

anterior two-thirds

2

what part of the sacral ala is derived from the true transverse process?

posterior third

3

how many fibrous (amphiarthrosis) syndesmosis joint surfaces are present on the S1 vertebral body?

4

4

how many joint surfaces are present on the vertebral body of the first sacral segment?

5

5

how many cartilaginous (amphiarthrosis) symphysis joint surfaces are present on the S1 vertebral body?

1

6

how many fibrous (amphiarthrosis) syndesmosis joint surfaces are present on the S1 vertebral body?

4

7

what muscle may attach to the first sacral vertebral body?

psoas major

8

what is the position of the sacral zygapophysis in adults?

zygapophysis lies in the coronal plane for L5/S1

9

what is the orientation of the first sacral superior articular facet?

backward, upward, medial (BUM); typically concave

10

what is the name given to the projection on the first sacral superior articular process?

mammillary process

11

what muscles will attach to the sacral mammillary processes?

multifidus

12

what is the usual condition for the first sacral spinous process?

it is non-bifid and short

13

an imaginary line drawn along the dorsal midline of sacrum is identified as the ___

median sacral crest

14

what is the name given to the congenital condition in which the fifth lumbar spinous process is elongated, the sacrum exhibits spina bifida, and dorsiflexion produces pain?

Knife Clasp Syndrome

15

an imaginary line drawn from the superior articular process of S1 to the sacral cornu will form what feature?

intermediate sacral crest

16

what features may be identified along the intermediate sacral crest?

mammillary process of S1 and the sacral cornu of S5

17

what does the sacral cornu represent?

inferior articular process and facet of S5

18

what is the name of the inferior opening of the sacral spinal canal?

sacral hiatus

19

an imaginary line drawn from the transverse process of S1 to the inferior lateral sacral angle will form what feature?

lateral sacral crest

20

what is the sacral tuberosity?

enlarged transverse tubercle of S2

21

what is the name of the joint formed by the sacral tuberosity?

accessory sacro-iliac joint

22

what feature is identified on the lateral surface of S1-S3?

auricular surface

23

what feature does the anterior surface of the superior epiphyseal rim of S1 form?

sacral promontory

24

the continuation of the posterior longitudinal ligament below S3 forms what ligament?

deep posterior sacrococcygeal ligament

25

what forms the posterior boundary for the fifth sacral spinal nerve intervertebral foramen?

sacral cornu, coccygeal cornu, superficial posterior sacrococcygeal ligament and intercornual ligament

26

what forms the anterior boundary for the fifth sacral spinal nerve intervertebral foramen?

vertebral body S5, vertebral body Co1, deep posterior sacrococcygeal ligament and intervertebral disc

27

what forms the inferior boundary for the spinal canal?

union of the superficial posterior and deep posterior sacrococcygeal ligaments

28

what ligament divides the sciatic foramen into the greater and lesser sciatic foramina?

sacrospinous ligament

29

which ligament has a broad attachment along the lateral margin of sacrum and coccyx and then attaches to the ischial tuberosity?

sacrotuberous ligament

30

which ligament is the strongest of the sacro-iliac ligaments and is penetrated by dorsal rami of the sacral spinal nerves?

interosseous sacro-iliac ligament

31

what is the homolog for the capsular ligament of S5?

intercornual ligament