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Nelson - Respiratory System > Sinusitis > Flashcards

Flashcards in Sinusitis Deck (15):
1

Sinuses present at birth

1) Ethmoidal 2) Maxillary

2

Only pneumaised sinus at birth

Ethmoidal

3

Maxillary sinuses are not pneumatised until

4 y/o

4

Sphenoidal sinuses are present by

5 y/o

5

Frontal sinuses begin development at age

7-8 y/o

6

Bacterial pathogens causing acute bacterial sinusitis in children and adolescents

1) S. pneumoniae 2) Nontypable H influenzae 3) M. catarrhalis

7

Chronic sinusitis present with symptoms that last how long

>90 days

8

The only accurate method of diagnosis for sinusitis but is not practical for routine use in immunocompetent patients

Sinus aspirate culture

9

Bacterial vs Viral URTI: Clear, non-purulent nasal discharge, cough, and initial fever that usually do not persist beyond 10-14 days

Viral

10

Initial therapy for majority of children with uncomplicated bacterial sinusitis

Amoxicillin

11

___ sinusitis can rapidly progress to serious intracranial complications and necessitates initiation of parenteral antibiotics until substantial clinical improvement is achieved

Frontal

12

Antibiotic indicated for frontal sinusitis

Ceftriaxone

13

Sinusitis that is most often the cause of secondary orbital complications including periorbital edema and orbital cellulitis

Bacterial ethmoiditis

14

Pott puffy tumor

Osteomyelitis of the frontal bone (complication of sinusitis)

15

Edema and swelling of the forehead, and mucoceles that can expand causing displacement of the eye with resultant diplopia

Pott puffy tumor