SM_253a: MSK Trauma Flashcards Preview

MSK/Derm > SM_253a: MSK Trauma > Flashcards

Flashcards in SM_253a: MSK Trauma Deck (12)
Loading flashcards...
1

Open fracture is when _____ and carries risk of _____ and _____

Open fracture is when the skin is violated and carries risk of infection and occult tissue damage

2

Open reduction involves ____ and ____

Open reduction involves making an incision and exposing bone

 

  • No fixation: let the body heal itself (sling, brace, spling, cast)
  • External fixation: external instrumentation
  • Internal fixation: intramedullary nail (rod), plate/screw construct

3

Hip fractures are treated to _____

Hip fractures are treated to allow mobilization

4

Open fracture treatment involves _____, _____, and _____

Open fracture treatment involves irrigation, debridement, and fixation

5

Open fracture treatment involves irrigation, debridement, and fixation to ____, ____, and ____

Open fracture treatment involves irrigation, debridement, and fixation to reduce infection risk, explore wound, and debride necrotic tissue

6

Compartment syndrome is ____

Compartment syndrome is increased pressure in an enclosed compartment

(if pressure is not released -> ischemia -> permanent tissue damage)

7

Compartment syndrome presents as ____, ____, ____, ____, and ____

Compartment syndrome presents as pain, pallor, paralysis, pulselessness, and parasthesias

 

(too late if you see all five)

 

8

Compartment syndrome involves pain ____ to injury, pain in compartment on ____, and ____ compartment

Compartment syndrome involves pain out of proportion to injury, pain in compartment on passive stretching of toes or fingers, and a rock-hard/tense/swollen compartment

9

Compartment syndrome is treated with ______

Compartment syndrome is treated with fasciotomy

 

(have to release all four compartments in leg to relieve pressure)

10

Pathologic fracture is fracture through _____ bone usually due to _____

Pathologic fracture is fracture through abnormal bone usually due to metastatic disease

 

(BLT with a kosher pickle: breast, lung thyroid, kidney, prostate)

11

Most common primary cancers that metastasize to bone come from _____, _____, _____, _____, and _____

Most common primary cancers that metastasize to bone come from breast, lung, thyroid, kidney, and prostate

 

(BLT with a kosher pickle)

12

Most pathologic fractures occur in the ____

Most pathologic fractures occur in the spine

Decks in MSK/Derm Class (49):