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Flashcards in Sports Deck (58)

Which American heavyweight boxer, active during the 1960s and 70s, famously changed his name from Cassius Clay after joining the Nation of Islam?

Muhammad Ali

Widely regarded as the Greatest Of All Time (G.O.A.T.), he championed religious freedom and racial justice and became known for his forceful personality. He was stripped of his boxing title (and did not fight for almost four years during his prime) after he refused conscription into the military during the Vietnam War. He won historic matches against Sonny Liston, Joe Frazier, and George Foreman.


Which American basketball shooting guard, regarded as the greatest basketball player of all time, owns the highest per game scoring average in NBA history and won 2 three-peats of NBA championships for the Chicago Bulls in the 1990s?

Michael Jordan

Known for his signature line of sneakers, his dunking and scoring ability, and his competitive will, he became one of the world's most famous athletes and celebrities in the 1980s and 90s.


Which American baseball pitcher and right fielder, widely regarded as the greatest baseball player ever, played most famously for the New York Yankees in the 1910s, 20s, and 30s and held the record for career home runs until 1974?

Babe Ruth

He became a well-known celebrity in the Roaring Twenties and helped transform baseball.


Which American baseball second baseman played for the Brooklyn Dodgers in the 1940s and 50s and was the first black MLB player of the modern era, breaking the color line when he debuted with the Dodgers in 1947?

Jackie Robinson

He was also a 6-time All-Star, 1-time World Series champion, and 1-time NL MVP. His number 42 is retired by all MLB teams.


Which Canadian ice hockey center, nicknamed The Great One, played for the Edmonton Oilers, Los Angeles Kings, and New York Rangers in the 1970s, 80s, and 90s, and is the leading point-scorer in NHL history?

Wayne Gretzky

He is widely regarded as the greatest hockey player ever, and holds numerous records. He won 9 Hart Trophies as the league's most valuable player, won 4 Stanley Cup championships with the Oilers in the 80s, and had his number 99 retired by all NHL teams.


Which Brazilian soccer striker, who played most famously for Santos in the 1950s, 60s, and 70s, is considered by many to be the greatest player of all time, having scored over 1000 goals in his career?


Seen as a global ambassador for soccer and a national hero in Brazil, he led his home country to 3 World Cup titles in 1958, 1962, and 1970.


Which Argentine soccer attacker played most notably for Boca Juniors, FC Barcelona, and Napoli from the 1970s through the 1990s, and is considered the greatest player of all time along with Brazil's Pelé?

Diego Maradona

He led Argentina to victory at the 1986 World Cup, where he scored two of the most famous goals ever (both against England). Known for his bravado and outspoken nature, he is seen as a living legend in his home country.


Which Argentine soccer attacker, known for his dribbling ability, acceleration, and diminutive stature, plays for FC Barcelona, is often compared to compatriot Diego Maradona, and is regarded as one of the world's two best players?

Lionel Messi

He broke the world record for goals scored in a calendar year in 2012 and led Argentina to the World Cup Final in 2014.


Which American basketball forward, considered one of the best basketball players ever, has played for the Miami Heat and the Cleveland Cavaliers? Despite growing up in Ohio, he controversially left Cleveland to join the Heat in 2010.

LeBron James

A highly touted high school recruit, he achieved great fame as a teenager and skipped college to go straight to the NBA. He returned to the Cavs in 2014.


Which Swiss tennis player, considered one of the greatest players of all time, if not the greatest, is known for his smooth, intelligent playing style and notably has a longstanding rivalry with Rafael Nadal?

Roger Federer

He holds the all-time record for Grand Slam singles titles, and at one point from 2005-10 appeared in 18 of 19 Grand Slam finals.


Since turning pro in 1996 and memorably winning the 1997 Masters, which American golfer has broken many records and has the most career major wins and career PGA Tour wins of any active golfer?

Tiger Woods

He is seen by many as the best golfer of all time. However, after dominating the sport during the 2000s, his admission of infidelity, subsequent divorce, and injuries led to an extended slump in the 2010s (though he did briefly regain the No. 1 ranking).


Which American tennis player is frequently credited, along with her sister Venus, with ushering in an era of power tennis in the women's game?

Serena Williams

She is widely considered to be one of the greatest players ever. Known for her unique on-court fashion sense, she has won more than 30 Grand Slam titles and been ranked World No. 1 throughout much of the 2000s.


Which Heisman Trophy-winning American football running back played most notably for the Buffalo Bills in the 1960s and 70s, and in the mid-90s, was acquitted of the murder of two people, including his ex-wife, after a highly publicized criminal trial that incited racial tensions?

O.J. Simpson

The only player in NFL history to rush for more than 2,000 yards in a 14-game season, he had became a popular actor and broadcaster after retiring from football. Two widely known elements of his arrest and trial were the low-speed LAPD/news helicopter chase of his white Ford Bronco and an infamous bloody glove. He is now serving prison time for an unrelated series of felonies.


Which American swimmer notably qualified for the 2000 Summer Olympics at the age of 15 and has gone on to become the most decorated Olympian of all time, with 22 total medals?

Michael Phelps

He has won a record 18 Olympic gold medals and famously won 8 gold medals at the 2008 Games alone.


Which American basketball center, known as a great rebounder and defender, played for the Boston Celtics in the 1950s and 60s and keyed a Celtics dynasty that saw him win 11 NBA titles in 13 seasons?

Bill Russell

A prominent figure in the Civil Rights Movement, he had a rivalry with Wilt Chamberlain.


Which American tennis player and golfer was the first black athlete to cross the color line of international tennis and won 11 Grand Slam tournaments, becoming the first person of color to win a Grand Slam with her French Open title in 1956?

Althea Gibson

In the 1960s she became the first black player to compete on the women's professional golf tour.


Which American multi-sport athlete won 2 gold medals and 1 silver medal in track and field at the 1932 Olympic Games, found success in basketball, then began to play golf in the mid-30s, eventually being named AP Female Athlete of the Year 6 times?

Babe Didrikson Zaharias


Which American alpine ski racer, generally regarded as the face of alpine skiing in the U.S., has won more World Cup races than any other woman in history, and became the first American woman to win the Olympic gold medal in downhill?

Lindsey Vonn


Which American football quarterback, often considered the best QB ever, played for the San Francisco 49ers and Kansas City Chiefs in the 1970s, 80s, and 90s, winning 4 Super Bowls with the 49ers?

Joe Montana


Which 1950s English athlete is best known for being the first man to run a mile in under four minutes, achieved in 1954?

Roger Bannister


Which American basketball center, regarded as one of the greatest female basketball players ever, played in the 1990s and 2000s for the WNBA's Los Angeles Sparks and won 3 WNBA MVPs, 2 WNBA titles, and 4 Olympic gold medals as a member of the U.S. women's national team?

Lisa Leslie


Which American heavyweight boxer, known for his powerful knockouts and violent and eccentric behavior, held the world heavyweight titles at various points in the 1980s and 90s and famously bit Evander Holyfield's ear in their 1997 bout?

Mike Tyson


Which American basketball player and coach, most famous for coaching the UCLA Bruins from 1948-1975, won 10 NCAA championships in a 12-year period as coach of UCLA?

John Wooden

He was the first person inducted into the Hall of Fame as both a player and a coach.


Which 20th-century American football coach, for whom the NFL's Super Bowl trophy is named, led the Green Bay Packers to six NFL Championships and to victories in the first two Super Bowls?

Vince Lombardi


Which American baseball first baseman played for the New York Yankees in the 1920s and 30s and was forced to retire in 1939 due to ALS, which claimed his life two years later?

Lou Gehrig

Arguably the greatest first baseman ever, he was a 6-time World Series champion and a 2-time AL MVP.


Which American track and field sprinter and long jumper famously starred in the 1936 Summer Olympics in Berlin, winning 4 gold medals?

Jesse Owens

His performance in Berlin was notable in that it countered Nazi Germany and Adolf Hitler's promotion of supposed Aryan racial superiority.


Which multi-sport American athlete of mixed Native American and European American ancestry famously won gold medals in the decathlon and pentathlon at the 1912 Olympics?

Jim Thorpe

Considered one of the greatest pure athletes ever, he also spent time playing professional football, baseball, and basketball.


Which American golfer, whose name is used to designate a drink consisting of lemonade and iced tea, turned pro in 1954 and became the first superstar of the sport's television age?

Arnold Palmer

He had a rivalry with his friend Jack Nicklaus and won 7 major championships.


Which American basketball point guard, noted for his great size for the position, played for the Los Angeles Lakers in the 1970s, 80s, and 90s, and retired in 1991 after contracting HIV?

Magic Johnson

He is remembered for his showmanship and passing ability, and for helping to popularize the NBA on an international level along with Larry Bird and Michael Jordan. Since retiring he has served as an advocate for HIV/AIDS awareness, as well as a successful businessman.


Which American basketball small forward, known for his all-around skills and shooting ability in spite of his lack of elite athleticism, played for the Boston Celtics in the 1970s, 80s, and 90s, winning 3 NBA MVPs and 3 NBA titles?

Larry Bird

He helped popularize basketball as a global game along with Michael Jordan and Magic Johnson. He later became a coach and executive, and is the only person in NBA history to be named MVP, Coach of the Year, and Executive of the Year.


Which American football running back, sometimes called the best football player ever, starred for the Cleveland Browns from 1957-65 and was an 8-time NFL rushing champion and 3-time NFL MVP?

Jim Brown

He was a multi-sport athlete in high school and in college at Syracuse, where he was a first-team All-American in lacrosse. After retiring he had a mildly successful acting career.


Which Jamaican sprinter won Olympic gold medals in his three events at the 2008 and 2012 Olympic Games, and holds the world record in both the 100m and the 200m?

Usain Bolt

Known for his marketability and showmanship, he famously slowed to celebrate his win in the 2008 100m final before reaching the finish line, yet still broke the world record.


Which Portuguese soccer attacker, considered one of the best two players of his generation (along with rival Lionel Messi), plays for Real Madrid and is known for his pace, dribbling feints and stepovers, and finishing ability?

Cristiano Ronaldo


Which English soccer midfielder, famous for his bending free kicks, notably played for Manchester United, Real Madrid, and the Los Angeles Galaxy from the 1990s to the 2010s, and is a global pop culture and fashion icon with his wife Victoria, formerly Posh Spice of the Spice Girls?

David Beckham

He became the first marquee soccer player to join the MLS in 2007.


Which Swedish golfer, one of the most accomplished female golfers in history, competed during the 1990s and 2000s and won more tournaments than anyone, including 10 LPGA majors?

Annika Sörenstam


Which American baseball center fielder played for the New York Yankees in the 1930s, 40s, and 50s, famously married Marilyn Monroe, and is best remembered for his record 56-game hitting streak?

Joe DiMaggio

A 3-time AL MVP, he won 9 World Series championships, and his brothers Dom and Vince also played in the major leagues.


Which American figure skater became the most decorated figure skater in American history while competing in the 1990s and 2000s, winning 9 U.S. titles, 5 world championships, and 2 Olympic medals in singles?

Michelle Kwan


Which 1980s and 90s American track and field athlete won medals in the heptathlon and long jump in four different Olympic Games, most notably winning gold in both events at the 1988 Games in Seoul?

Jackie Joyner-Kersee

She is widely regarded as one of the best female athletes of the 20th century.


Which American baseball left fielder played for the Pittsburgh Pirates and San Francisco Giants in the 1980s, 90s, and 2000s, and holds the records for career home runs and home runs in a season?

Barry Bonds

The son of a former MLB All-Star, he won a record 7 (NL) MVP awards. In recent years his career has been called into question, due to his alleged use of illegal steroids.


Which American cyclist won a record 7 straight Tour de France competitions from 1999-2005 and, to support cancer patients and survivors, founded the Livestrong Foundation, known for its yellow wristbands?

Lance Armstrong

He had famously overcome testicular cancer in the 1990s to return to professional cycling. In 2012 he was stripped of his Tour de France wins for having used performance-enhancing drugs.


Which multi-position American baseball player is the all-time MLB hits leader, but is banned from induction into the Hall of Fame because of his gambling on baseball games while playing and managing the Cincinnati Reds?

Pete Rose

Playing from the early 1960s until 1986, he won 3 World Series titles and 1 NL MVP.


Which American soccer player played forward in the 1980s, 90s, and 2000s for the U.S. women's national team, helped popularize soccer in America, and scored a then-record 158 international goals during her career?

Mia Hamm


Which American tennis player competed professionally in the 1960s, 70s, and 80s, and famously won the Battle of the Sexes tennis match against Bobby Riggs in 1973?

Billie Jean King

She won 12 Grand Slam singles titles and 16 Grand Slam doubles titles.


Which American skateboarder competed professionally in the 1990s and 2000s, was a pioneer of vertical skateboarding, and popularized the sport thanks in large part to his series of licensed video games?

Tony Hawk


Which American football quarterback is regarded as one of the best QBs ever, has won 4 Super Bowls with the New England Patriots, and has the most total playoff wins in NFL history?

Tom Brady

He famously led the Pats to a title in 2001 after filling in for injured starter Drew Bledsoe, and also led the team to an undefeated regular season in 2007. He is married to Brazilian supermodel Gisele Bündchen.


Which American basketball coach and former player is known as the Zen Master for his holistic and philosophical approach to coaching, and won a record 11 NBA championships as a coach of the Chicago Bulls and Los Angeles Lakers?


Phil Jackson


Which former American football player coached the Oakland Raiders to victory in Super Bowl XI in 1976, then later became a successul broadcaster and gained enormous popularity for an NFL video game series he has endorsed since the 80s?

John Madden


Which American gymnast famously won the gold medal in the all-around competition at the 1984 Olympics, becoming a national celebrity in the process?

Mary Lou Retton


Which Romanian gymnast competed in the 1970s and 80s and became the first female gymnast to record a perfect score of 10 in the 1976 Olympics?

Nadia Comaneci

One of the most famous gymnasts of all time, she won three gold medals at the 1976 Games, including one in the all-around competition.


Which retired Indian cricketer, who played professionally from the 1980s to the 2010s, was widely viewed as the best batsman in the world, and is also seen as one of the greatest cricketers of all time?

Sachin Tendulkar

He led India to the 2011 Cricket World Cup title.


Which 20th-century sprinter became the first American woman to win 3 gold medals in track and field during a single Olympic Games in 1960?

Wilma Rudolph

A champion of women's and civil rights, she was considered the fastest woman on Earth in the 60s.


Which American race car driver, known as one of the greatest NASCAR drivers ever, was nicknamed "The Intimidator," won 76 races during his career, and had a son who is a highly successful driver in his own right?

Dale Earnhardt

He died at the age of 49 as the result of a crash on the final lap of the 2001 Daytona 500.


Which retired German racing driver, arguably the greatest Formula One driver ever, was a 7-time Formula One World Champion, racing for Benetton, Ferrari, and Mercedes from the 90s through the 2010s?

Michael Schumacher

Known for his humanitarian and charitable efforts, he has served as a UNESCO ambassador and spokesman for driver safety. In late 2013, while skiing with his son, he suffered a traumatic head injury that left him in a coma for 6 months; he is now paralyzed.


Which retired South Korean figure skater won the 2010 Olympic gold in ladies' singles, broke world record scores many times, and throughout her entire skating career never finished a competition off the podium?

Kim Yuna

One of the most famous celebrities in her home country, she is also a 2-time World Champion.


Which American former women's college basketball coach is the winningest coach in NCAA history, for both men's and women's basketball, regardless of division?

Pat Summitt

She coached the University of Tennessee Lady Vols basketball team from 1974 to 2012, winning 8 national titles. A recipient of the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 2012, she left coaching that year due to Alzheimer's disease.


Which American basketball coach has coached the Duke Blue Devils men's basketball team since 1980, and is the first Division I men's basketball coach to reach 1000 wins?

Mike Krzyzewski

He has won 5 NCAA titles with Duke and 2 gold medals as coach of the U.S. men's national team.


Which 20th-century Australian cricketer, nicknamed The Don, was and is a national icon in his home country and holds the record for highest career Test batting average (99.94), considered one of the greatest and most unbreakable sporting achievements ever?

Donald Bradman


Which American auto racing driver is the most successful woman in the history of American open-wheel racing, having raced in both IndyCar and NASCAR?

Danica Patrick

She famously placed third in the 2009 Indy 500, the highest finish ever for a woman. She is also a popular advertising spokesperson and occasional model.