Supplemental Feedings Flashcards Preview

Nutrition > Supplemental Feedings > Flashcards

Flashcards in Supplemental Feedings Deck (35)
Loading flashcards...
1

Who should not do underwater weighing for assessing body fat percentage?

Those with lung disease

2

What is dual energy x-ray absorptiometry?

DXA scan to measure bone density

3

What are anthropometric methods to determine body composition?

SKinfold measurements
US
Height and circumference methods

4

Which has a better correlation with cardiac disease: waist to hip ratio, or BMI?

Waist to hip

5

Where is the waist measurement?

1 in above the umbilicus

6

Where is the hip measurement?

Widest portion of the buttocks and greater trochanters

7

True or false: the waist to hip ratio is a good indicator of malnutrition

False-has no lower limit

8

BMI loses accuracy in what two populations?

The fit and the old

9

Why are CBC useful in determining nutritional status?

RBC sacrificed when nutrition is low

10

Why is BMP useful when determining nutritional status?

Total protein/albumin
Glucose

11

What is the Nutritional risk screening (NRS) tool?

Tool for assessing potential for malnutrition

12

What is the range of scores for the NRS?

0-3, with 3 being severe nutritional impairment

13

What is the MUST?

Hospital screen for malnutrition.

14

What should you do if a pt has bad teeth?

Make food mechanically soft

15

When should pureed food be used?

Bad teeth and tongue

16

If the pt cannot swallow, what should be used?

Tube feeding

17

If the GI tract is not working, what feeding measure should be used?

Parenteral

18

What is a soft mechanical diet?

Diet containing ground of pureed foods that are easy to chew

19

What is a pureed diet?

Pudding like consistency

20

What are thin liquids?

Like water/juice

21

What are nectar thickened liquids?

Milkshake consistency

22

What are honey thickened liquids?

Honey consistency

23

What are pudding thickened?

Hold is shaped when spooned

24

What are NG tubes used for?

Short term nutritional support

25

What is a G tube? When should it be used?

Gastric tube--tube inserted into the stomach. 6-12 weeks

26

What is a PEG tube?

Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy tube

27

What is a J tube?

Tube connected to the jejunum

28

What is the main problem with G tubes?

Regurgitation/reflux

29

What is the harris-benedict equation used for?

Determining calorie requirements for pts with tubes

30

Why do you add dye to formula?

To see if regurgitation is present