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FinalMB Part I - Surgery > Surgical Basics > Flashcards

Flashcards in Surgical Basics Deck (74)
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1

What is meant by the prefix 'laparo'?

Refers to the abdomen

2

What is meant by the prefix 'thoraco'?

Refers to the thorax

3

What is meant by the prefix 'colo'?

Refers to the colon

4

What is meant by the prefix 'cysto'?

Refers to the bladder

5

What is meant by the prefix 'gastro'?

Refers to the stomach

6

What is meant by the prefix 'mammo/masto'?

Refers to the breast

7

What is meant by the prefix 'myo'?

Refers to muscle tissue

8

What is meant by the prefix 'nephro'?

Refers to the kidney

9

What is meant by the prefix 'orchid'?

Refers to the testes

10

What is meant by the prefix 'rhino'?

Refers to the nose

11

What is meant by the prefix 'lobo'?

Refers to a lobe of an organ

12

What is meant by the suffix 'otomy'?

Refers to surgically cutting open a structure

13

What is meant by the suffix 'oscopy'?

Refers to viewing with a scope or keyhole surgery

14

What is meant by the suffix 'ectomy'?

Refers to surgical removal of a structure

15

What is meant by the suffix 'plasty'?

Refers to changing the shape of a structure

16

What is meant by the suffix 'pexy'?

Refers to fixing a structure in place

17

What is meant by the suffix 'centesis'?

Refers to puncturing a structure with a needle

18

What is meant by the suffix 'ostomy'?

Refers to creating a new opening for a structure

19

What is meant by the suffix 'itis'?

Refers to inflammation of a structure

20

What is meant by the suffix 'algia'?

Refers to pain

21

What is meant by the suffix 'gram'?

Refers to a recording or imaging

22

What is meant by the term adhesion?

Adhesions are the term used to describe scar tissue within the abdomen that attaches contents together

23

What is meant by the term fistula?

A fistula is an abnormal connection between two epithelial surfaces

24

What is meant by the term tenesmus?

Tenesmus describes the feeling of a full rectum and/or the need to open the bowels without being able to pass stools. This can also be used to describe the feeling of incomplete evacuation

25

What is a hemicolectomy procedure?

Removal of a portion of bowel

26

What is a Hartmann's procedure?

Removal of the rectosigmoid colon and formation of a colostomy

27

What is a Whipple's procedure?

Removal of the head of the pancreas, duodenum, gallbladder and bile duct

28

Which procedure is a Kocher incision used for?

Open cholecystectomy

29

Which procedures are Chevron/Rooftop incisions used for?

- Liver transplant
- Whipple's procedure
- Pancreatic surgery
- UGI surgery

30

Which procedure is a Mercedes-Benz incision used for?

Liver transplant