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Flashcards in Tests and Tubes Deck (35)
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1

What is the red tiger top tube known for?

SST - serum separator tube

2

What is the green tiger top known as?

PST - plasma separator tube

3

What is PTT test? What is it used for?

Partial thromboplastin time test. Heparin test. Coagulation

4

What is a PT test? What is it used for ? What tube is used?

Prothrombin time test. Liver test. Light blue top

5

HbA1c test? What is it for ?

Glucose test

6

What tubes check Chem 7? What is another name for it?

Gold, orange, red, red tiger top. Serum tubes. Checks for basic metabolic panel.

7

What does BUN stand for? What does it measure?

Blood Urea Nitrogen. Kidney function

8

What does creatinine test?

Protein in blood. Can indicate kidney dysfunction or MS

9

Why do we need potassium?

Need for muscles and heart

10

Why do we need sodium?

Kidney function/water

11

What does K2E EDTA stand for?

Dipotassium salt

12

What is K3E EDTA?

Tripotassium salt

13

What is N2E EDTA?

Disodium salt

14

Red top

Additive
Type
Used for
Test

1. Clot activator
2. Clot tube
3. Obtaining serum
4. Crossmatch

15

Red tiger top or gold

Additive
Type
Use
Test

1. Clot activator; separation gel
2. Clot tube
3. Serum tube
4. Thyroid testing

16

Orange top

Additive
Type
Use
Notes

1. Thrombin based clot activator. Some separation gel
2. Clot tube
3. Obtaining serum
4. Thrombin activated platelets

17

Green top

Additive
Type
Use
Tests

1. Sodium or lithium heparin
2. Anti coagulant
3. Plasma chemistry, electrolytes
4. Lactate test

18

Order of draw

1. Yellow SPS
2. Light blue
3. Gold, red, red tiger top, orange
4. Green and green tiger top
5. Lavender and purple
6. White
7. Gray
8. All others

19

Green tiger top

Additive
Type
Use

1. Lithium heparin; separation gel
2. Anti-coagulation separation tube
3. Obtaining plasma

20

Lavender and purple tops

Additive
Type
Use
Notes

1. K3Edta and K2Edta
2. Anticoagulant
3. CBC
4. Lavender is glass tube; purple is plastic tube

21

Light blue top

Additive
Type
Use
Tests
Notes

1. Sodium citrate
2. Reversible anti-coagulation
3. Coagulation testing, plasma
4. PT, PTT, fibrogen, PT/INR
5. Protects all procoagulants, partially filled damages cells. Use discard tube

22

Yellow top SPS

Type
Use
Diagnoses
Notes

1. Anticoagulant
2. Blood cultures
3. Septicism
4. Aerobic then anarobic

23

Yellow top ACD

Use

1. DNA testing

24

Black top

Type
Use

1. Anticoagulant
2. Westergren Sedimentation rate

25

Tan top

Additive
Use

1. K2EDTA
2. Lead level testing

26

White top

Additive
Notes

1. K2edta separation gel
2. Plasma based testing on proteins

27

Pink top

Use
Notes


3. Immuno hematology
4. Blood typing

28

Gray top

Additive
Use
Notes

1. Sodium flouride and potassium oxalate
Sodium flouride and na2edta
Sodium flouride
3. Plasma glucose testing
4. Preserves glucose 1-5 days. Hemolysis in partially filled tubes

29

Royal blue top

Additive
Type
Use

1. K2edta or clot activator
2. Low trace element testing
3. Trace metal analysis

30

What tubes are discard tubes?

Clear, light gray, red tiger top, red