Toddler and Preschooler Growth & Development Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Toddler and Preschooler Growth & Development Deck (43)
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1

A reduced rate of growth occurs between ___ and ___ years resulting in fewer caloric needs and decreased appetite:

2 to 6 years

2

Growth in length is approximately ___ inches per year and wight gain approximately ___ pounds per year:

3 inches and 4.5 pounds per year

3

The average 6 year old weighs about ___ lbs and is approximately ___ inches tall:

46 lbs and 46 inches

4

Able to balance on each foot 2 seconds:

2.5 years

5

Hops:

3.5 years

6

Walks up stairs alternating feet:

3.5 years

7

Walks on tip toes:

3.5 years

8

Heel-to-toe walking:

4.5 years

9

Builds tower of 8 cubes:

2.5 years

10

Thumb wiggle:

2.5 years

11

Copies circle:

3.5 years

12

Draws person with 6 parts:

4.5 years

13

Copies square:

5 years

14

Piaget's pre-operational stage:

2-7 years

15

Pre-conceptural stage:

2-4 years

16

Intuitive stage:

4-7 years

17

Children in this substage of development learn by asking questions such as, "Why?" and "How come?":

Piaget's intuitive stage

18

During this substage the preschooler is unable to form true concepts and often reasons in the form of unrelated judgement without logical organization. The child's reasoning is tied to his perceptions and therefore his thinking is often distorted. :

Piaget's preconceptual phase

19

Centration:

Preschoolers' tendency to focus on one idea or characteristic feature of an object or situation at one time

20

Egocentrism:

Preschoolers' tendency to focus thinking and understanding about the world from their own perspective only

21

Animism:

Everything animate or inanimate thinks and feels the way the preschooler dose

22

Increased complexity of sentences including 4-5 words:

3.5 years

23

Carries out 2-3 item commands:

3 years

24

Understands opposite analogies:

4 years

25

Understands "if", "because", and "when":

5 years

26

Strict parenting with firm or harsh discipline and without questioning; high expectations, low support, low parent-child communication:

Authoritarian parenting style

27

Few demands and low expectations:

Permissive parenting style

28

Low expectations with high support and high parent-child communication:

Democratic-indulgent parenting style

29

Low expectations with low support and low parent-child communication:

Permissive-neglectful parenting style

30

Firm limits but opportunity for dialogue; high expectations, high support, and high parent-child communication; associated with best outcomes:

Authoritative parenting style