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Flashcards in Toxicities and side effects Deck (22)
1

What is the treatment for the following toxin:

Acetaminophen

what's its MOA

N-acetylcysteine

MOA: (replenishes glutathione)

2

What is the treatment for the following toxin:

AChE inhibitors, organophosphates

 

Atropine followed by 

pralidoxime (2-PAM)

3

What is the treatment for the following toxin:

Amphetamines (basic)

 

NH4Cl (acidify the urine)

4

What is the treatment for the following toxin:

Antimuscarinic, anticholinergic agents

Why do we use the treatment?

Physostigmine salicylate

(control hyperthermia)

5

What is the treatment for the following toxin:

Benzodiazepines

Flumazenil

6

What is the treatment for the following toxin:

B-blockers

Glucagon

7

What is the treatment for the following toxin:

Carbon monoxide

100% O2, hyberbaric O2

8

What is the treatment for the following toxin:

Copper, arsenic gold

Penicillamine

9

What is the treatment for the following toxin:

Cyanide

Nitrite + thiosulfate, hydroxocobalamin

10

What is the treatment for the following toxin:

Digitalis

Anti-dig Fab fragments

11

What is the treatment for the following toxin:

Heparin

Protamine sulfate

12

What is the treatment for the following toxin:

Iron

Deferoxamine, deferasirox

13

What is the treatment for the following toxin:

Lead

penicillamine, EDTA, dimercaprol, succimer

14

What is the treatment for the following toxin:

Mercury, arsenic, gold

Dimercaprol (BAL)

succimer

15

What is the treatment for the following toxin:

Methanol, ethylene glycol (antifreeze)

Fomepizole>ethanol, dialysis

16

What is the treatment for the following toxin:

Methemoglobin

Methylene blue 

vitamin C

17

What is the treatment for the following toxin:

Opioids

Naloxone

18

What is the treatment for the following toxin:

Heparin induced thrombocytopenia

Argatroban

19

What is the treatment for the following toxin:

Salicylates

NaHCO3 (alkalinize urine)

dialysis

20

What is the treatment for the following toxin:

TCAs

NaHCOs (plasma alkalinization)

21

What is the treatment for the following toxin:

tPAs, streptokinase, urokinase

Aminocaproic acid

22

What is the treatment for the following toxin:

Warfarin

Vitamin K

plasma (if active bleeding)