Types of vasculitis Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Types of vasculitis Deck (18)
1

Temporal giant cell arteritis

Elderly with artery on side of head.
ESR will b elevated
Treat with corticosteroids and temporal artery biopsy

2

Elevated ESR vasculitis

Giant cell arteritis
And Takayasu arteritis

3

Takayasu arteritis

Asian females
Pulseless disease with weak upper pulses. Narrowing of the aortic arch.

ESR elevation

4

Polyarteritis nodosa

Young adults with hepatitis D
Immune complex mediated transmural inflammation of the arterial wall with fibrinoid necrosis.

5

Associated with young adults and hepatitis D

Polyarteritis nodosa

6

Kawasaki disease

Asian children less than 4 years old.
May develop coronary artery aneurysms
Strawberry tongue, hand foot changes, fever, rash conjunctival injection

7

Occurs in asian children less than 4 years old.

Kawasaki disease.

8

Buergers disease

Heavy smokers***
Phlebitis in the digits leading to gangrene.

9

Most common type of phebitis seen in hardcore smokers.

Buergers disease.

10

Medium sized vessel vasculitis

Polyarteritis nodosa
Kawasaki disease
Buergers disease

11

Large sized vessel vasculitis

Temporal giant cell arteritis
Takayasu arteritis

12

Small vessel vasculitis

Granulomatosis with polyangitis
Microscopic polyangitis

13

Granulomatosis with polyangiitis

Upper respiratory tract perforation of nasal septum.

Hemoptysis, cough, hematuria
Red cell casts

Associated with ANCA proteinases

14

Associated with ANCA proteinases

Granulomatosis with polyangitis

15

Microscopic polyangitis

Necrotizing vasculitis involving lung, kidneys, skin.

ANCA related as well.

16

Henoch schonlein purpura

Most comon childhood systemic vasculitis with palpable purpura on buttocks, arthralgias and GI abdominal pain

Secondary to an IgA immune complex deposition assicated with IgA nephropathy (buergers disease)

17

Most common vasculitis in young children

Henoch schonlein purpura

18

Which drugs reduce the clearance of digoxin?

Amioderone
Verapamil and quinidine.

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