Unit VII - More Sympathetics Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Unit VII - More Sympathetics Deck (77)
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61

What pairs of well-defined ganglia are associated with the celiac plexus?

Celiac ganglia, superior mesenteric ganglia, aorticorenal ganglia

62

Where are the celiac ganglia located?

Adjacent to the celiac artery

63

Which artery is associated with the superior mesenteric ganglia?

Superior mesenteric artery

64

Where are the aorticorenal ganglia located?

Near the renal arteries

65

What are the secondary plexuses associated with the celiac plexus?

Phrenic, left gastric, hepatic, splenic, and superior mesenteric, suprarenal, renal, gonadal, abdominal aorta, inferior mesenteric, superior hypogastric, inferior hypogastric plexuses

66

What are the secondary plexuses of the celiac plexuses named after?

The arteries associated with each one

67

What artery is associated with the phrenic plexus?

Inferior phrenic artery

68

What artery is associated with the suprarenal plexus?

Middle suprarenal artery

69

What is the location of the superior hypogastric plexus?

Between L4 and S1 vertebral levels

70

What plexuses are included in the superior hypogastric plexus?

Abdominal aortic and inferior mesenteric plexuses

71

What is included in the inferior hypogastric plexus?

Celiac plexus below the internal iliac artery

72

What is the second largest prevertebral plexus?

Inferior hypogastric plexus

73

What secondary plexuses are associated with the inferior hypogastric plexus?

Vesicle, prostatic or uterine/vaginal, rectal, cavernous

74

What type of input initiates defecation and micturition: sympathetic or parasympathetic?

Parasympathetic

75

How is the stretch response of the bladder or rectum initiated?

Visceral afferents that are sensitive to the walls stretching

76

During defecation and/or micturition, efferent response travels out of which nerves to the detrusor muscle and/or rectal musculature?

Pelvic splanchnic nerves

77

What is the activity of the external anal sphincter and external urethral sphincter muscles during defecation/micturition?

Relaxation