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Flashcards in Urban Issues Deck (19):
1

What are four main issues in cities of MEDC's?

A shortage of good quality housing
Run down CBD's
Ethnic segregation
Traffic congestion and pollution

2

What three ways is the shortage of housing being tackled in urban areas?

Urban - renewal schemes
New towns
Relocation incentives

3

What are urban renewal schemes?

Government strategies (first used in 1990's)

They encourage investment in new housing Services and employment inner cities

4

How are new towns tackling the shortage of housing problem?

New towns have been built to house overspill populations for existing places with shortage of housing

5

What are relocation incentives?

Used to encourage people living in large council houses to move out of urban areas to free up urban houses for people who need it eg working families

6

Why are CBD's in some cities becoming run down?

Out of town shopping centre and business parks which have cheaper rent and are easier to get to

7

What attempts are being made to revitalise the CBD and attract people back to them?

Pedestrianising areas to make them safer nicer for shoppers
Improving access with better public transport routes and car parks
Converting derelict buildings into new facilities
Making public areas like squares more attractive

8

What problems stem from increased cars in cities?

More air pollution , damages health
Air pollution may damage buildings
More road accidents
More traffic jams and congestion

9

What are the solutions to help reduce traffic and its impact?

Improving public transport will encourage people to use it which reduces traffic congestion air pollution and traffic jams
Increasing car park charges
Bus priority lanes,faster
Pedestrianisation of central areas

10

What is ethnic segregation?

People of different ethnicities not mixing

11

What are the reasons for ethnic segregation?

People prefer to live near those with the same background religion and language
People live near services important to their city their culture eg places of worship
People believe in safety in numbers

12

What are the strategies to support the multicultural nature of urban areas?

Making sure everyone can access different services eg printing leaflets in variety of languages
Improving communication between all parts of community eg involving leaders of different ethnic communities in decision making
Providing interpreters in places like hospitals
Ensure there are suitable services for different culture

13

Why are CBD's in some cities becoming run down?

Out of town shopping centre and business parks which have cheaper rent and are easier to get to

14

What attempts are being made to revitalise the CBD and attract people back to them?

Pedestrianising areas to make them safer nicer for shoppers
Improving access with better public transport routes and car parks
Converting derelict buildings into new facilities
Making public areas like squares more attractive

15

What problems stem from increased cars in cities?

More air pollution , damages health
Air pollution may damage buildings
More road accidents
More traffic jams and congestion

16

What are the solutions to help reduce traffic and its impact?

Improving public transport will encourage people to use it which reduces traffic congestion air pollution and traffic jams
Increasing car park charges
Bus priority lanes,faster
Pedestrianisation of central areas

17

What is ethnic segregation?

People of different ethnicities not mixing

18

What are the reasons for ethnic segregation?

People prefer to live near those with the same background religion and language
People live near services important to their city their culture eg places of worship
People believe in safety in numbers

19

What are the strategies to support the multicultural nature of urban areas?

Making sure everyone can access different services eg printing leaflets in variety of languages
Improving communication between all parts of community eg involving leaders of different ethnic communities in decision making
Providing interpreters in places like hospitals
Ensure there are suitable services for different culture

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