Year 2 Quiz Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Year 2 Quiz Deck (40)
1

what is the best imaging for renal parenchymal tumours?

contrast enhanced CT

2

what is the best imaging for renal injury?

CT

3

from which cells is the neural crest derived?

neural progenitor cells

4

commonest cause of blindness in the western world?

dry ARMD

5

name 2 drugs which can cause thyroiditis?

amiodarone
lithium

6

what conditions can lithium cause?

hyperparathyroidism
hyperglycaemia
hypothyroidism
renal impairment
thyrotoxicosis

7

what does cells and flare in the anterior chamber indicate?

anterior uveitis

8

how is anterior uveitis managed?

topical steroids

9

what cranial nerve is associated with the first pharyngeal arch?

trigeminal

10

what cells are associated with birbeck granules?

Langerhans cells

11

chovsteks and trousseaus signs indicate what?

hypocalcaemia

12

when does human brain development begin?

3rd week post conception

13

fairy liquid green vomit in newborns/very young children?

volvulus

14

where do blisters present in bullous pemphigoid?

basement membrane? DEJ

15

how is primary hyperparathyroidism managed?

cinacalcet
- calcimimetic (activates calcium sensing receptor)

16

first line therapy for syphilis?

penicillin

17

aplastic anaemia is a side effect of what medication?

chloramphenicol

18

most common cause of AKI in hospital?

acute tubular necrosis

19

papillary dermal microabscesses?

dermatitis herpetiformis

20

what do the pharyngeal arches give rise to?

face and neck structures

21

what usually causes infective rhinitis?

viral URTI

22

congenital hepatic fibrosis is associated with what?

ARPKD

23

what tumour marker can be used for differentiated thyroid cancer?

thyroglobulin

24

which condition is associated with high acid and low bicarbonate?

resp acidosis

25

seminoma tumour marker?

PLAP

26

what is woods light used to diagnose?

dermatophyte infection

27

name an inherited condition associated with obesity?

prader willi syndrome

28

why is CT urography generally done in over 50s but not under 50s?

urothelial tumours are rare in under 50s so not worth giving the radiation

29

low acid and low bicarbonate?

resp alkalosis

30

what do you do when ill if you are taking ACE inhibitors?

stop taking them

31

deficiency in what vitamin can cause dermatitis, dementia, delirium, diarrhoea and death?

vitamin B3

32

deficiency in what vitamin can cause a corneal perforation?

vit A

33

high acid and high bicarbonate?

metabolic acidosis

34

irregular saw-tooth acantholysis?

lichen planus

35

in which layer of the skin to merkel cells reside?

basal layer

36

what type of hormone are T3 and T4?

modified amino acid

37

55 year old male with right kidney pathology due to holding in urine who also has contrast and penicillin allergy, what investigation is used?

MR urography
- doesn't use contrast

38

which skin layer contains fillagrin and involucrin?

granular layer

39

what can be used to treat a dendritic ulcer?

aciclovir

40

what is growth led by in infants?

nutrition