Acute Care of the Victim of Multiple Trauma Flashcards Preview

Nelson - Emergencies > Acute Care of the Victim of Multiple Trauma > Flashcards

Flashcards in Acute Care of the Victim of Multiple Trauma Deck (13):
1

Leading cause of death in children between 10 and 20 y/o in the world

Unintentional injuries

2

Most predominant among childhood injuries

Blunt trauma

3

Most predominant among adolescent injuries

Penetrating trauma

4

Principal causes of death shortly after trauma

1) Airway obstruction 2) Respiratory insufficency 3) Shock from hemorrhage 4) CNS injury

5

Initially, ___ should be suspected in any child sustaining multiple, blunt trauma

Cervical spine injury

6

T/F In blunt trauma, a jaw thrust head tilt is recommended to open the airway

F, WITHOUT head tilt

7

MC type of shock in trauma

Hypovolemic

8

If a patient remains in shock after boluses totaling 40-60cc/kg or crystalloid, ___ should be given

10-15cc/kg PRBC

9

Account for 70% of pediatric blunt trauma deaths

Head injuries

10

Account for majority of intraabdominal injuries from blunt trauma

Liver and spleen injuries

11

MC intraabbdominal injuries after a bicycle handle impact

Pancreatic and duodenal injuries

12

MC intraabbdominal injuries after a direct blow to the abdomen

Pancreatic and duodenal injuries

13

If any one of the ff is present, patient likely has intraabdominal injury

Low age-adjusted SBP, abdominal tenderness, femur fracture, elevated liver enzymes, microscopic hematuria, inital hct <30%