Language of Neuroanatomy Part 1 (Neuroanatomical Terms) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Language of Neuroanatomy Part 1 (Neuroanatomical Terms) Deck (51):
1

Dorsal

Towards the back

Latin for "back"

2

Ventral

Towards the belly

from the Latin "venter" meaning belly

3

Rostral

Towards the nose

Latin for "beak"

4

Caudal

Towards the tail

Latin for "tail"

5

Anterior

Towards front

6

Posterior

Towards the back

7

Lateral

Towards the side

8

Medial

Towards the midline

9

Superior

Dorsal or Rostral

aka above

10

Inferior

Ventral or Caudal

aka under

11

Proximal

closer to structure of interest

12

Axial

towards the central axis
i.e. trunk

13

Distal

further away from structure of interest

14

Appendicular

referring to appendages; away from the central axis

15

Horizontal

parallel to the horizon or the floor

(A.K.A. Axial; Transverse; "cross-section")

16

Longitudinal

parallel to the long axis

17

Coronal

Corona or tiara like

(a.k.a. Frontal)

18

Sagittal

plane of bow and arrow; mnemonic; Sagittarius

Types: Mid-sagittal, Para-sagital

19

Para-

to the side

20

Peri-

around

21

Hypo-

below or less than

22

Hyper-

above or more than

23

Pre-, Pro-, Prosen-

in front of or before

24

Post-

behind or after

25

Mesen-

in-between or mid

26

Rhomben-

rear or in the back

27

Ipsi-

same

28

Contra-

opposite

29

Supra-

above

30

Infra- or Sub-

below

31

Inter-

between; among

32

Intra-

within

33

Somatic

referring to the soma or body; specifically, muscles and skin

34

Visceral

referring to the viscera, specifically, the organs of the body

35

Nucleus

A collection of nerve cell bodies in the CNS

36

Ganglion

A collection of nerve cell bodies in the PNS

37

Afferent

pathways carrying signals TOWARDS a structure,

"Afferent Arrive"

38

Efferent

pathways carrying signals AWAY from a structure

"Efferents Exit"

39

Commissure

A white matter pathway that connects identical structures on the right and left sides of the CNS

40

CNS white matter tracts

-Tract
-Fascicle
-Lemniscus
-Peduncle
-Bundle

(Different name but all the same thing)

41

Chiasm

"cross"

42

Decussation

"cross"

43

CNS

brain, spinal cord, and tracts

44

PNS

nerves and ganglia

45

Telencephalon

Greek for "end brain"

Cerebral hemisphere and Basal Forebrain
(inc. cerebral cortex, basal ganglia, and limbic structure)

46

Diencephalon

Greek for for "in-between brain"

Thalamus & Hypothalamus

47

Mesencephalon

Greek for "middle brain"

part of the Brain Stem

48

Rhombencephalon

Greek for "hind brain"

Pons, Cerebellum, Medulla

49

Thalamus

Greek for "inner chamber" or "bedroom"

50

Hypothalamus

"below" the thalamus

51

Brainstem

a.k.a. "bulb"

the midbrain, pons, medulla