Language of Neuroanatomy Part 2 (Latin & Greek Translation for specific terms and stuctures) Flashcards Preview

Neuroanatomy > Language of Neuroanatomy Part 2 (Latin & Greek Translation for specific terms and stuctures) > Flashcards

Flashcards in Language of Neuroanatomy Part 2 (Latin & Greek Translation for specific terms and stuctures) Deck (47):
1

Amygdala

"almond"

2

Arachnoid

from the Greek "arachne" meaning "spider's web"

3

Abor vitae

"tree of life"

4

Brachium

"arm:

e.g. bracial plexus

5

"Bulbar"

referring to the brainstem

e.g. "Corticobulbar"

6

Cauda equina

"horse tail"

7

Cephalon

brain

8

Cerebellum

"little brain"

9

Cingulum

"belt" or "griddle"

e.g. cingulate gyrus

10

Clivus

"slide" or "slope"

11

Colliculi

"little hills"

12

Corpus Callosum

"tough body"

13

Cuneus

"wedge"

e.g. cuneate nucleus

14

Dura

"hard"

15

Falx

"sickle"

e.g. Falx cerebri

16

Fasciculus

"little bundle"

17

Fimbria

"fringe"

18

Folia

"leaf"

19

Foramen

"hole"

20

Fornix

"arch"

21

Funiculus

"string"

22

Geniculate

Latin for "little knee"

'Genu' is knee or bend

23

Glossus

Greek for tongue

e.g. hypoglossal, glossopharyneal

24

Hippocampus

Lating for "seahorse"

25

Infundibulum

"funnel"

26

Limbus

"ring"

e.g. limbic love

27

Locus Ceruleus

"blue spot"

referring to the blue-black color of the norepinephrine containing neurons in unstained sections

28

Homunculus

"little human"

29

Meninges

From the Greek "Meninx" or "membrane"

30

Nodulus

Latin for "button" or "knot"

31

Operculum

Latin for "covering" or "lid"

32

Pellucidum

From the Latin for "transparent"

33

Pharynx

Greek for "throat"

34

Pineal

"Pine cone"

35

Pons

"bridge"

36

Raphe

from the Greek "seam"

37

Septum

from the Latin, "wall" or "fence"

38

Somatosensory

"body sense"

39

Stria

"stripe"

40

Substantia Nigra

"black substance"

41

Tectum

"roof"

42

Tegmentum

"covering"

43

Temporal

"time"

44

Tomos

Greek for "slice"

e.g. microtome; tomography

45

Trochlea

Pulley (SO4)

superior oblique tendon is anchored in a trochlea

46

Vagus

Greek for "wandering"
The term "vagrant" comes from this as well.

47

Vermis

from the Latin "worm"