Nuclear Chemistry Flashcards Preview

CfE National 5 Chemistry Unit 3 > Nuclear Chemistry > Flashcards

Flashcards in Nuclear Chemistry Deck (10):
1

Most atoms have a stable nucleus which doesn't change.

However, some isotopes (radioisotopes) are unstable and undergo changes in the nuclei?

What is this called?

Radioactive decay

2

Radioactive elements can become stable by giving out which 3 types of radiation?

Alpha, beta and gamma

3

What are the electrical charges of Alpha, Beta and Gamma radiation?

(Positive, no charge or negative)

Alpha-Positive

Beta-Negative

Gamma-No charge

4

Radiation can penetrate objects of different thicknesses.

Which is the most and least penetrating radiation?

Alpha has a mass of 4 and so is least penetrating.

Gamma is most penetrating.

5

When writing nuclear equations, how are alpha and beta particles represented?

6

State the equation for when Thorium 232 loses an alpha particle.

7

State the equation for when Carbon 13 loses a beta particle.

8

What is meant by the half-life of a radioisotope?

The half-life of a radioisotope is the time taken for the sample's activity to fall by half

 or

Half-life is the time for half of the nuclei of a particular isotope to decay.

 

9

The mass of a radioisotope falls from 3.2g to 0.4g in 2 hours.

What is the half-life of this radioisotope?

1. How many times has 3.2g been halved to get to 0.2g

3.2g→1.6g→0.8g→0.4g→0.2g

Four half-lives

2. 4 half-lives = 2 hours

1 half-life = 0.5 hours (30 minutes)

10

The half-life of a source is 8 days.

Calculate the fraction of the source that would remain after 16 days. 

At the start, there would be 100% of the sources.

After 8 days there would be 50% (1/2) left.

After 16 days there would be 25% (1/4) left.