2.1, 2.4 and 2.5 Limestone and its Uses/Cement and Concrete/Limestone Issues Flashcards Preview

GCSE Chemistry 1.2 Rocks and Building Materials > 2.1, 2.4 and 2.5 Limestone and its Uses/Cement and Concrete/Limestone Issues > Flashcards

Flashcards in 2.1, 2.4 and 2.5 Limestone and its Uses/Cement and Concrete/Limestone Issues Deck (15)
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1

How do we remove limestone from the ground?

We quarry it

2

What is limestone mainly made up of?

Calcium carbonate (CaCO3)

3

What happens in lime kilns?

Thermal decomposition of calcium carbonate to get calcium oxide and carbon dioxide

4

What is meant by the term thermal decomposition?

Breaking down by heating

5

Name 3 uses of limestone

•blocks of it are used for building
•make calcium oxide
•make cement and then concrete etc

6

How do we make cement?

Mix limestone with clay and heat strongly in a kiln, then grind up the product into a fine powder

7

How do we make mortar?

Mix cement with sand and water

8

What is mortar used for?

To hold bricks and blocks together in buildings

9

How is concrete made?

Mix mortar with aggregate

10

What do you do to concrete before it hardens?

Pour it into moulds

11

Where are cement works usually close to?

Limestone quarries

12

What is involved in making cement?

Heating limestone with clay in large kilns

13

What does the production of cement use a lot of?

Energy and land

14

Name 3 advantages for an area where limestone is quarried

•more employment for locals
•more customers and trade for local businesses
•improved roads

15

Name 3 disadvantages for an area where limestone is quarried

•dust and noise
•more traffic
•loss of habitats for wildlife