Atypical Thoracic: T11/Anticlinal and T12 Flashcards Preview

Spinal Anatomy Test 2 > Atypical Thoracic: T11/Anticlinal and T12 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Atypical Thoracic: T11/Anticlinal and T12 Deck (39):
1

How many synovial joint are formed at the vertebral body of T11?

two

2

How many symphysis joints are formed with the vertebral body of T11?

two

3

How many syndesmosis joints are formed at the vertebral body of T11?

four are typically identified
(a many as eight if the costocentral stellate/radiate ligaments are included)

4

How many joints are typically formed at the vertebral body of T11?

typically eight
(twelve if the costocentral stellate/radiate ligaments are included)

5

Which ligament of the costocentral joint is absent for the eleventth rib?

costocentral interarticular or intra-articular ligament

6

Which vertebra is the last segment to to demonstrate a transverse costal facet?

T10

7

What ligaments form the costotransverse joint of T11?

superior costotransverse, and slightly developed inferior costotransverse and lateral costotransverse ligaments

8

Which costotransverse joint will the superior costotransverse ligament at the transverse process of T11 support?

twelfth rib costotransverse joint

9

Which costotransverse ligaments are absent at T11?

capsular costotransverse ligament

10

Which joint classification is associated with the intertransverse, superior costotransverse, inferior costotransverse, and lateral costotransverse?

fibrous (amphiarthorsis) syndesmosis

11

What muscles attach to the transverse process of T11?

longissimus thoracis,
semispinalis thoracis,
multifidis, rotator longus, and rotator brevis,
intertransversarii, and levator costarum brevis

12

Which levator costarum muscle is absent at T11?

levator costarum longus

13

Which segment will be the last to demonstrate an attachment for the levator costarum longus?

T10

14

What is the orientation of the superior articular facets of T11?

the face backward, upward, and lateral (BUL)

15

What is the orientation of the inferior articular facets of T11?

the face forward, downward, and medial (ForMeD)

16

How many synovial joint are typically present at T11?

six

17

What muscles attach to the spinous process of T11?

trapezius, latissimus dorsi, serratus posterior inferior,
iliocostalis lumborum, spinalis thoracis, multifidis,
rotator longus, rotator brevis, interspinalis

18

Which muscles of the five layers of the true back are present at the spinous process of T11?

trapezius, latissiumus dorsi, serratus posterior inferior,
iliocostalis lumborum, spinalis thoracis, multifidis,
rotator longsus, rotator brevis

19

How many synovial joints are formed at the vertebral body of T12?

two

20

How many symphysis joints are formed with the vertebral body?

two

21

How many joints are typically formed at the vertebral body of T12?

typically eight
(ten if the costocentral stellate/radiate ligaments are included)

22

Which muscle(s) is attached to the vertebral body of T12?

psoas major and psoas minor

23

What does the lateral tubercle of T12 represent?

transverse process

24

What does the superior tubercle of T12 represent?

mammillary process of lumbar vertebrae

25

What does the inferior tubercle of T12 represent?

accessory process of lumbar vertebrae

26

Which is the smallest of the tubercles at the transverse process region of T12?

inferior tubercle

27

What joint surface of the typical thoracic transverse process is absent on T12?

transverse costal facet

28

What ligaments form the costotransverse joint of the twelfth rib?

superior costotransverse ligament from T11 and the lumbocostal ligament from L1

29

Which costotransverse ligament(s) are attached at T12?

none;
the capsular, superior, inferior, and lateral costotransverse ligaments lack an attachment to T12

30

What muscles attach to the transverse process region of T12?

longissimus thoracis, semispinalis thoracis, multifidis, rotator longus, rotator brevis, intertransversarii

31

Which segment is the last to demonstrate a levator costarum brevis attachment?

T11

32

Which segment is the last to demonstrate a levator costarum longus attachment?

T10

33

What is the orientation of the superior articular facets of T12?

the face backward, upward, and lateral (BUL)

34

What is the orientation of the inferior articular facets of T12?

the face forward, downward, and lateral (FoLD)

35

How many synovial joints are typically present at T12?

six

36

What muscles attach to the spinous process of T12?

trapezius, latissiumus dorsi, serratus posterior inferior,
iliocostalis lumborum,
spinalis thoracis, multifidis, rotator longus, rotator brevis, interspinalis

37

Which muscle(s) attach to the vertebral body of thoracic vertebrae?

longus colli, psoas major, and psoas minor

38

Which thoracic segments will have muscles attaching to their vertebral bodies?

T1-3, T12

39

Rhomboid major and rhomboid minor will attach to the spinous process of which thoracic?

T1 only