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Flashcards in Cardio Spot test Deck (11)
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1

List the classes for anti-arrthymic drugs

Class I
- Procaimnimide
- Lidocaine
- Flecanide

Class II
- Beta blockers

Class III
- Amiodarone

Class IV
- Verapamil

2

What are Roth spots

Retinal haemomorrages
Immune complex deposits

3

Complications of Padget's disease of the bone

Bone pain
Path # fractures
Sensineural deafness
Spinal cord compression
High output cardiac failure
Osteosarcoma

4

Outline the features seen in DiGeorge's syndrome

Cardiac abnormalties
Abnormal facies
Thymic hypoplasia
Hypocalcaemia

Deletion of chrome 22q11:20

5

Complication of infective endocarditis

Cardiac failure
Aortic root abscess
Haemolytic anaemia
Life sided valves
Right sides valve disease
Renal failure

6

Outline the changes seen on ECG in the acute and chronic stages post MI

Acute
- Hyperacute T waves
- ST elevation

Chronic
- T wave inversion
- Pathological Q waves

7

Signs of pulmonary oedema

Increased RR
Increased HR
Increased JVP
Gallop rhythm
Cyanosis
Tactile vocal frematis

8

Absolute contraindication for thrombolysis

Internal bleeding
Acute pancreatitis
Severe liver disease
Severe HTN

9

Initial drug treatment in a NSTEMI

Aspirin (loading dose of 300mg)
Antithrombin (fondaparinux if no angio for 24hrs)
Low molecular weight herparin if angio <24hrs
Ticagrelor ( in combo with aspirin for 12 months)

10

Side effects of amiodarone

Progressive pulmonary fibrosis
Liver function abnormalities
Skin discolouration, sensitive to UV light
Thyroid dysfunction
Peripheral neuropathy

11

Causes of giant A waves

Constrictive pericarditis
Pul HTN
Thyrotoxicosis
Tricuspid stenosis