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Flashcards in Cardiology Deck (17)
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1

cath findings that indicate CABG

>50% stenosis on L main coronary
>3 vessel blockage

2

type of STEMI with elevations in V2-V5

anterior wall STEMI
LAD

3

type of STEMI with elevations in II, III, aVF

Inferior wall MI

4

type of STEMI with elevations in I, aVL

Lateral wall MI

5

vasculitis of kidney, upper airway, lungs
associated w/nasal septum perforation

granulomatosis polyangiitis (Wegeners)

6

vasculitis of kidney and GI tract, SPARES lungs
associated w/Hep B

polyarteritis nodosa

7

vasculitis in young asthmatic

Churg Strauss (eosinophilic granulomatous polyangiitis)

8

vasculitis in young male smoker

Buerger (thromoangiitis obliterans)

9

20y/o Asian woman w/weak pulses in BUE

Takayasu arteritis

10

elderly woman w/unilateral headache, jaw claudication
associated w/polymyalgia rheumatica

Giant cell arteritis (Temporal)

11

medications demonstrated to reduce mortality in CHF

ACE inhibitors/ ARBs
B-blockers (bisoprolo, carvedilol, metoprolol XR)
Aldosterone antagonists (spironolactone, eplerenone)

12

which aortic dissection requires urgent surgery

Stanford A (includes Ascending aorta/ proximal to vessels)
Start IV B-blocker and get to surgery

13

treat cardiogenic shock

inotropes (dobutamine, dopamine)

14

next step in acute HF tx if diuresis response inadequate

IV vasodilators (nitroglycerin)

15

trastuzumab vs doxarubicin cardiotoxicity

trastuzumab- reversible, not related to dose
doxarubicin (anthracycline)- irreversible b/c myocytes die

16

sx of radiation cardiotoxicity

restrictive cardiomyopathy
diastolic dysfunction
fibrosis of valves
MI/ CAD (damage to intimal layer of vessels)
conduction defects

17

sx of anthracycline cardiotoxicity

dilated cardiomyopathy