Chapter 4 Midterm Flashcards Preview

Death & Afterlife > Chapter 4 Midterm > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 4 Midterm Deck (17)
Loading flashcards...
1

Tyndale’s Bible

the bible first translated into English by Tyndale in the 16th century

2

Gospels

First four books of the bible

3

The Trinity

• God as the transcendent creator
• The Father – God as entering into creation in the form of Jesus
• The Son – God as divine energy or power that inspires prophets
• The Holy Spirit
• Not understand as 3 God’s but more 3 ways in which God relates to society – sort of like a 3 clover leaf

4

Jesus' view on Jewish Religion

considered a rebel preacher in his Jewish religion – he debated and criticized their narrow and self-interpretations of God’s intentions

5

Crucifixion

signifies that Jesus shares in the deepest suffering that a human can undergo – the ultimate sacrifice to redeem human kind from all sin

6

Sadducees

the wealthy priestly aristocrats who rejected the belief in resurrection because they only accepted the first 5 books of the bible which didn’t include resurrection

7

o Pharisees

competed with the Sadducees for control over temple rituals. They established a system of synagogues, places of preaching and study, believed in resurrection

8

o Zealots

advocated armed rebellion against the Romans – waited for a Messiah who would lead an army to overthrow the Romans

9

o Essenes

separated themselves from society and lived in small communities in the desert – very simple, austere, celibate life – believed themselves the only ones truly faithful to God

10

• Resurrection of the body

o According to new testament – the resurrection of the body is not about the physical body, but for Paul, rather about the transformation of the whole person from a mortal being to a immortal being
• What is sewn is a physical body, what is raised is a spiritual body so immortality is the nature of the spiritual body, not the physical body

11

Jesus called the last Adam - why?

Because he is purifying that sin and allowing for a different path, Adam is the beginning of human beings so Jesus is another beginning for humanity if you choose to do that a be born again
o The first birth is into the lineage of the first Adam who can sin
o The second birth is into the life of Jesus who died for your sins – baptism – you are reborn as a child of God

12

Book of Revelation

movement of hope - period of exile and depression of the Jewish community before Jesus was born

13

• Eschatological ideas in the Book of Revelation

o The second coming of Christ and the apocalypse
o The resurrection of the Christian martyrs and the beginning of them millennium – the restoration of paradise on earth → the millennium is an earthly period of 1000 years of Christ’s rule when Satan is bound and powerless
o At the end of the millennium, a final battle and the destruction of Satan
o The universal resurrection of all people to stand before God and receive his judgement of eternal heaven or hell
o Paradise regained – the new Jerusalem

14

• What happens to soul between death and resurrection

o Many different ideas and views on what happens

15

Eternal life or immortality and why?

o Belief in Eternal life rather than immortality
o Endless living has no value – only life in communion with god has value which is what eternal life means

16

Purgatory

- place of purification
- it is like hell, a place of suffering
- intermediate state between heaven and hell - demi-hell
- not in the new or old testament

17

Hell

- means exclusion and separation from God which means one's loss of meaning in life