Exams, Muscle Strength, Reflexes Flashcards Preview

NMS 2 Exam One > Exams, Muscle Strength, Reflexes > Flashcards

Flashcards in Exams, Muscle Strength, Reflexes Deck (70)
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1

when a primary sensory modality isn't working the deficit is referred to as

anesthesia or analgesia

2

2 types of sensation

superficial and deep

3

types of superficial sensation

pain, temperature, light touch

4

pain, temperature, light touch carried in this tract

anterolateral part of cord

5

types of deep sensation

pain, touch, proprioception

6

pain, touch, proprioception carried in this tract

posterior part of cord

7

when checking the dermatomes, 2 other tests that can be performed are

deep tendon reflexes and muscle strength testing

8

light touch receptors

tactile disc of merkel

9

deep touch receptors

corpuscles of meissner

10

pain impulses travel along these types of fibers

A delta and C fibers

11

term designating areas insensitive to pain

analgesia

12

term designating areas having decreased sensitivity to pain

hypalgesia

13

term designating areas having increased sensitivity to pain

hyperalgesia

14

temperature of cold stimuli

41-50 degrees

15

temperature of hot stimuli

104-113 degrees

16

easiest and best way of checking motor nerve function

muscle testing

17

voluntary motor impulses initiated in this part of brain

cerebral motor cortex

18

the 3 areas of muscle integrity that are assessed

strength, tone, volume

19

0/5 muscle strength

no movement of muscle; 0% of normal movement

20

1/5 muscle strength

a twitch of movement; 0-10% of normal movement

21

2/5 muscle strength

moderate to severe paresis; 11-25% of normal movement

22

3/5 muscle strength

moderate paresis; 26-50% of normal movement

23

4/5 muscle strength

mild paresis; 51-75% of normal movement

24

5/5 muscle strength

normal; 76-100%

25

supraspinatus: segmental innervation and peripheral nerve

innervation: C4/5/6 (mostly C5)
nerve: suprascapular

26

deltoid: segmental innervation and peripheral nerve

innervation: C5/6 (mostly C5)
nerve: axillary

27

biceps: segmental innervation and peripheral nerve

innervation: C5/6
nerve: musculocutaneous

28

brachioradialis: segmental innervation and peripheral nerve

innervation: C5/6
nerve: radial

29

wrist extension: segmental innervation and peripheral nerve

innervation: C6/7/8 (mostly C6)
nerve: radial

30

triceps: segmental innervation and peripheral nerve

innervation: C6/7/8/(T1) (mostly C7)
nerve: radial