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Flashcards in Fall 2016 Final Deck (102)
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1

_____ Theory most recognized-miniature solar system

Bohr

2

1. What resides in the nucleus and what charge do they possess?

2. What resides in shells and what is it's charge?

1. Protons (+) and neutrons (no charge)
2. Electrons (-)

3

Shells are named __1__ through __2__. The formula used to determine max # of electrons in a shell is __3__.

1. K
2. Q
3. 2n squared

4

1. Which shell is binding energy the greatest?
2. Which shell is binding energy the least?

1. K
2. Q

5

Atomic # (__1__) is the number of __2__

1. Z
2. Protons

6

Atomic Mass # (__1__) is the number of __2__ and __3__

1. A
2. Protons
3. Neutrons

7

_____ ______-Atoms strive to maintain 8 electrons is outer most shell

Octet Configuration

8

____ ____-have the same # of protons and electrons

Electrically neutral

9

____ ____- sharing of outer shell electrons

Covalent Bonding

10

___ ____- giving up or receiving extra electrons

Ionic bonding

11

____ _____- # of electrons in outer most shell

Valence number

12

Alpha particles consist of __1__ protons and __2__ neutrons and possesses a __3__.

1. 2
2. 2
3. Mass

13

Speed of light = _____ in a vacuum

186,400 miles/sec

14

___-highest point in a sine wave on top half (forward direction)

Crest

15

____-lowest point in a sine wave on bottom half (backward direction)

Valley

16

Amplitude is the distance from base to __1__ or base to __2__.

1. Crest
2. Valley

17

Unit of frequency

Hertz

18

Number of oscillations or alternations/sec

Frequency

19

Wavelength is the distance between __1__ __2__ in a wave.

2 crests

20

Wavelength and frequency are _____ proportional

Inversely

21

Inverse square law

Old mAs Old Distance Sq.
--------- = ------------------
New mAs New Distance Sq.

22

"Carry Good Rifles U Very Independent Mighty Rebels" is an easy way to remember the __1__ from __2__ frequency/shortest WL to __3__ frequency/__4__ wavelength.

1. Electromagnetic Spectrum
2. Highest
3. Lowest
4. Longest

23

Electromagnetic spectrum from highest frequency to lowest.

Cosmic, Gamma, Roentgen, Ultraviolet, Visible light, Infrared, Microwave, Radio

24

Angstrom is a unit of __1__. Useful range of x-ray wavelengths is __2__ to __3__ Angstroms.

1. Wavelength
2. 0.1
3. 1

25

Dual Theory of X-rays or __1__ Particle Duality=they exist as waves and __2__.

1. Wave
2. Particles

26

Attenuation=____ + _____

Absorption + Scatter

27

Law of Conservation of Energy=Energy cannot be __1__ or __2__ but it's form may be __3__

1. Created
2. Destroyed
3. Altered

28

____ converts chemical to electrical energy

Battery

29

____ converts electrical to mechanical energy

Motor

30

____ converts mechanical to electrical energy

Generator