GENERAL SCIENCE Flashcards Preview

ASVAB > GENERAL SCIENCE > Flashcards

Flashcards in GENERAL SCIENCE Deck (126)
Loading flashcards...
1

WHAT IS THE FORMULA TO CONVERT CELSIUS TO FARENHEIT?

F=9/5C+32

2

WHAT IS THE FORMULA TO CONVERT FARENHEIT TO CELSIUS?

C=5/9(F-32)

3

NAME THE CLASSIFICATION SYSTEM FROM LARGEST TO SMALLEST.

1.) KINGDOM
2.) PHYLUM
3.) CLASS
4.) ORDER
5.) FAMILY
6.) GENUS
7.) SPECIES

4

WHAT ARE THE 5 MAIN KINGDOMS?

1.) ANIMALS
2.) PLANTS
3.) MONERANS (BACTERIA)
4.) PROTISTS (ONE-CELLED ORGANISMS)
5.) FUNGI

5

HOW IS THE SCIENTIFIC NAME FOR AN ORGANISM DERIVED?

GENUS FIRST, THEN SPECIES

6

WHAT ARE THE FIVE MAJOR HUMAN BODY SYSTEMS?

1.) CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM
2.) CIRCULATORY SYSTEM
3.) DIGESTIVE SYSTEM
4.) MUSCULOSKELETAL SYSTEM
5.) REPIRATORY SYSTEM

7

WHAT COMPONENTS MAKE UP THE CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM?

BRAIN, SPINAL CORD, AND NERVES

8

WHAT COMPONENTS MAKE UP THE CIRCULATORY SYSTEM?

HEART, BLOOD, AND BLOOD VESSELS

9

WHAT COMPONENTS MAKE UP THE DIGESTIVE SYSTEM?

MOUTH, ESOPHAGUS, STOMACH, SMALL AND LARGE INTESTINES, RECTUM, AND ANUS

10

WHAT COMPONENTS MAKE UP THE MUSCULOSKELETAL SYSTEM?

BONES, JOINTS, VOLUNTARY AND INVOLUNTARY MUSCLES

11

WHAT COMPONENTS MAKE UP THE RESPIRATORY SYSTEM?

NOSE, NASAL CAVITY,TRACHEA, LUNGS, AND BLOOD

12

WHAT BODY SYSTEM RECIEVES, PROCESSES, AND RESPONDS TO ALL PHYSICAL STIMULI?

CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM

13

WHAT BODY SYSTEM DELIVERS OXYGENATED BLOOD FROM THE HEART TO THE REST OF THE BODY AND RETURNS THE BLOOD TO THE HEART TO BE OXYGENATED AGAIN?

CIRCULATORY SYSTEM

14

WHAT BODY SYSTEM BREAKS DOWN FOOD INTO SMALLER SUBSTANCES THAT THE BODY CAN ABSORB AND PROCESS INTO ENERGY AND ELIMINATES THE RESULTING WASTE?

DIGESTIVE SYSTEM

15

WHAT BODY SYSTEM INCLUDES BONES THAT SUPPORT THE BODY'S MUSCLES AND ORGANS; JOINTS THAT ALLOW BOONES TO MOVE; INVOLUNTARY MUSCLES, WHICH YOU CAN'T CONTROL?

MUSCULOSKELETAL SYSTEM

16

WHAT BODY SYSTEM ALLOWS YOU TO INHALE AIR, USING OXYGEN IN THE AIR TO RELEASE ENERGY, AND EXHALE THE CARBON DIOXIDE THAT RESULTS FROM THIS PROCESS?

RESPIRATORY SYSTEM

17

WHAT ARE THE THREE MAIN PARTS OF A CELL?

1.) NUCLEUS
2.) CYTOPLASM
3.) CELL MEMBRANE ( PLASMA MEMBRANE)

18

WHAT PART OF A CELL CONTROLS THE CELLULAR ACTIVITY?

NUCLEUS

19

WHAT PART OF THE CELL CONTAINS MANY CHEMICALS THAT CARRY OUT THE LIFE PROCESS OF THE CELL?

CYTOPLASM

20

WHAT PART OF THE CELL HOLD THE CELL TOGETHER?

CELL MEMBRANE

21

HOW DO PLANT CELLS DIFFER FROM ANIMAL CELLS?

1.) PLANT CELLS HAVE A CELL WALL
2.) PLANT CELLS HAVE LARGER VACUOLES (STORAGE AREAS)
3.) MANY PLANT CELLS CONTAIN CHLOROPLASTS (HOLDS THE CHEMICAL NECESSARY FOR PHOTOSYNTHESIS)
4.) MOST PLANT CELLS DONT HAVE CENTRIOLES (STRUCTURES INVOLVED IN CELL DIVISION)
6.) PLANT CELLS DON'T HAVE LYSOSOMES (SACS OF ENZYMES)

22

WHAT IS THE CHEMICAL PROCESS WITHIN A CELL THAT IS NECESSARY FOR LIFE TO BE MAINTAINED CALLED?

METABOLISM

23

WHAT IS THE MOVEMENT OF WATER THROUGH THE CELL MEMBRANE CALLED?

OSMOSIS

24

WHAT IS THE ACQUISITION OF PARTICLES OF MATERIAL FROM OUTSIDE OF THE CELL; ACCOMPLISHED BY SURROUNDING THE PARTICLES AND PASSING THEM THROUGH THE CELL MEMBRANE CALLED?

PHAGOCYTOSIS

25

WHAT IS THE CONVERSION OF CARBON DIOXIDE AND WATER INTO GLUCOSE AND OXYGEN CALLED?

PHOTOSYNTHESIS

26

WHAT IS THE PROCESS IN WHICH FOOD IS BROKEN DOWN TO PRODUCE ENERGY CALLED?

CELLULAR RESPIRIATION

27

HOW MANY PAIRS OF CHROMOSOMES DOES A PERSON HAVE?

23 PAIRS; EACH PAIR MADE FROM ONE CHROMOSOME FROM THE MOTHER AND ONE FROM THE FATHER

28

WHAT IS THE PROCESS IN WHICH THE NUCLEUS OF A CELL DIVIDES, FROMING TWO CELLS AND TWO IDENTICAL SETS OF CHROMOSOMES?

MITOSIS

29

WHAT IS THE PROCESS IN WHICH EACH SEXCELL DIVIDES INTO FOUR CELLS, EACH CONTAINING ONLY HALF THE NUMBER OF CHROMOSOMES AS A NONSEX CELL?

MEISOSIS

30

IF SOMEONE HAS TWO X CHROMOSOMES THEY MUST BE

FEMALE