Infant Neurologic Exam Flashcards Preview

OB/PEDS Unit II > Infant Neurologic Exam > Flashcards

Flashcards in Infant Neurologic Exam Deck (45)
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1

what is a great way to examine a childs neurological state

watch them at play

2

what are automatisms

newborn reflexes

3

what reflex never goes away!

parachute reflex

4

a beginning walker has what type of gait

wide based

5

are flat arches normal for 18 months

yes

6

observe child turn to sounds
whisper a commonly used word behind the child back and have them repeat it. what cranial nerve are you testing

VIII

7

when does brain growth stop?

12-15 years

8

what is the order of motor maturation

cephalocaudal direction

9

how long should an infant hold their hands in a fist

3 months

10

shine a light at the infants open eyes, observe quick closure of the eyes and dorsal flexion of the infants head

optical blink reflex CN II

11

Root reflex is connected to what CN

V

12

sucking reflex is connected with what cranial nerve

V

13

what cranial nerve is infants facial expressions when crying, wrinkle forhead symmetry of smile

CN VII

14

what reflex, clap your hands close to the infants head note the blink in response to sound. moves eyes in direction of sounds.

CN VII acoustic blink reflex

15

if an infant hears a high pitched sound what do they usually do

freeze in position

16

what maneuver and what CN
hold the infant under the axilla in an upreight position head held steady by parent, facing you.
rotate the infant first in one direction then the other.
infants eyes should turn in the direction of rotation
when movement stops eyes should move in the oppsoite direction

CN VIII
Doll's Eye Maneuver

17

what CN
corrdinated sucking and swallowing ability
pinch infants nose, mouth will open and tip of tongue will rise in a midline position

XII

18

what type of clonus is common in infants

ankle

19

is the patellar reflex present at birth

yes

20

are the achilles and brachioradialis reflexes apparent at birth

no 6 months

21

yawn
sneeze
hicup
blink at bright light and loud sound
pupillary constriction with light
withdrawal from painful stimuli

these are all primitive reflexes

22

plantar reflex persists until when

16-24 months

23

fanning of toes and dorsiflexion of the great toe

babinski sign

24

touch the palm of the infants hand from the ulnar side
note the strong grasp around your finger

palmar grasp

25

when does palmar grasp disapear in an infant

3 months

26

when is palmar grasp the strongest

1-2 months

27

what facilitates palmar grasp

sucking

28

touch the plantar surface of the infants feet at the base of the toes
toes should curl downward

pantar grasp

29

how long is the plantar grasp strong

8 months.

30

when does moro diminish

3-4 months