Lower Extremity, Snell Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Lower Extremity, Snell Deck (267)
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1

Pelvic girdle: # of bones

4

2

Pelvic girdle: Bones

1) 2 hip bones
2) Sacrum
3) Coccyx

3

Hip bone: Articulates with the head of the femur

Acetabulum

4

Hip bone: Articular vs non articular: Acetabular fossa

Non articular

5

Hip bone: Runs between asis and psis

Iliac crest

6

Hip bone: Articulates with the opposite hip bone

Pubic bone at the pubic crest and tubercle

7

Hip bone: Obturator foramen is bound by

1) Ischium
2) Pubis

8

Femur: Fits into the acetabulum

Head

9

Femur: Small depression at the center of the head

Fovea capitis

10

Femur: Fovea capitis is for the attachment of

Ligament of the head

11

Femur: Vessel conveyed along the ligament of the head to enter the bone at the fovea

Obturator artery

12

Femur: Junction of neck and shaft

1) Trochanters
2) Intertrochanteric line

13

Femur: Attached to the intertrochanteric line

Iliofemoral ligament; pubofemoral at lower end

14

Femur: Ridge on the posterior portion of shaft

Linea aspera

15

Femur: Medial margin of linea aspera continues below as

Medial supracondylar ridge

16

Femur: Lateral margin of linea aspera continues below as

Lateral supracondylar ridge

17

Femur: Medial supracondylar ridge ends as the

Adductor tubercle

18

Femur: On the posterior surface of the shaft below the greater trochanter

Gluteal tuberosity for gluteus maximus

19

Femur: Flat triangular area on the posterior surface of the lower end

Popliteal surface

20

Femur: Lateral and medial condyles are separated posteriorly by

Intercondylar notch

21

Femur: Lateral and medial condyles are separated anteriorly by

Articular surface for patella

22

Femur: Superior to the condyles

Medial and lateral epicondyles

23

Femur: Adductor tubercle is continuous with

Medial epicondyle

24

Femur: Main blood supply to the head

Medial femoral circumflex

25

Femur: Common complication of femoral neck fractures due to interruption of the main blood supply to the head

Avascular necrosis of head

26

Sesamoid bone

A bone that develops within a tendon

27

Largest sesamoid bone in the body

Patella

28

Patella: Lies within the tendon of the

Quadriceps femoris

29

Patella: Shape

Triangular

30

Patella, apex: Superior vs inferior

Inferior