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Flashcards in Peds - Exam One Deck (37)
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1

Fetus

9 weeks to birth

2

Neonate

Birth to 4 weeks

3

Infant

4 weeks to 1 year

4

Toddler

1 to 3 years old

5

Preschool

3 to 6 years old

6

School-age

6 to 12 years old

7

Adolescent

12 to 18 years old

8

How many hours of sleep are required for each age group?

Neonates: 8-9 hrs with naps

2 yr old: 10 hrs with 1 nap

7 yr old: 11-13 hrs and rarely has daytime nap

9

What is the best intervention for losing teeth?

If trauma is the cause, tooth should be immersed in milk and brought with child asap to dentist. Take care of deciduous teeth even though they are lost later. 1yr old and older should have toothbrushes. Supervision of brushing until 7 yrs old

10

What should a child see the dentist for the first time?

Academy of Pediatric Dentistry recommends appt by 1 year old but majority happens around 2-3 years old

11

What is a side effect of too much vitamin C?

Diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, heartburn, abdominal bloating and cramps, headache, insomnia, kidney stones.

12

Is massage therapy good for all children?

Yes

13

What is accupressure?

Uses finger pressure and massage on the meridian sites rather than needles

14

Dysfunctional families deal with what type of problems?

doesn’t provide for optimum physical, psychological, and emotional health of the children. Doesn’t know how to be successful in its efforts and interactions and requires intervention.

15

What is dyslexia?

“Difficult and Diction”- is a ready disability that involves a defect in the cortex of the brain that processes graphic symbols.

16

What is a negative aspect of stimulants? (amphetamines, cocaine)

hyperactivity, insomnia,paranoia, personality change, irritability, restlessness, occasional depression or paranoia.

17

Therapeutic play can allow children to what?

Express themselves by playing with other kids

18

Hospitalization should still have a scheduled routine?

as much as possible but very hard since every family has their own schedule plus sounds and smells make it difficult

19

What is anorexia nervosa?

form of self-starvation seen mostly in adolescent girls. Only 10 % are males.

20

What is bulimia?

Binge eating d/o
Compulsive eating

21

How does alcoholism effect family members?

Offer mixed messages about alcohol use to their chidlren

Effects all members of the family!

FLIGHT, FIGHT, PERFECT CHILD, SAVIOR (Coping skills of children of alcoholics)

22

What is a learning disability?

Educational term- receptive language, expressive language, information processing, memory, motor coordination, orientation, behavioral problems

23

What types of information is included in a developmental history?

Family Hx, structure(family), developmental tasks, family characteristics, family stressors, environment, family support systems

24

Can a 2 year old be addicted to opiates?

Very rare in children since dose should be repeated before the pain recurs. If pain comes back without steady dose of meds, more med will be given to stop pain

25

What is a transitional object?

Promotes security

Items like blankets or a favorite toy

26

Emigrants from Russia see smiling as?

Happiness and is inappropriate in a serious or bad situation

27

Should siblings be allowed to see their brother or sister in the hospital?

Yes - helps reduce the stress of the patient

Siblings experience loneliness, jealousy, guilt, fear, or anger

28

Separation anxiety is very real at what age?

Begins around 4-8 months of age. Infants will protest when separated from parents

29

What opportunities do computer games provide?

Can foster problem solving, cognitive development, and motor coordination should be balanced with active play activities

30

What is ordinal position?

Whether the child is the toungest, middle, or oldest. “Rank in family”