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Latin Word Elements > Pronunciation Guide > Flashcards

Flashcards in Pronunciation Guide Deck (42)
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1

What are the letters of the Latin Alphabet?

A B C D E F

G H I K L M

N O P Q R

S T U V X

Note: Some sources will use J for the consonant form of I. Others (including historical sources) will use V instead of U.

2

What is a macron?

A macron is a horizontal bar accent above some vowels in Latin.

Macrons help with pronouncing and differentiating certain words. Normally, a vowel with a macron is longer than one without. Macrons also sometimes affect word stress.

Latin vowels with macrons:

ā, ē, ī, ō, ū

3
What does this letter sound like in Latin?

A

aha!

Note the subtle difference in the sound of the two vowels in this word (they may be too similar to tell apart).

4
What does this letter sound like in Latin?

Ā

aha!

Note the subtle difference in the sound of the two vowels in this word (they may be too similar to tell apart).

5
What does this letter sound like in Latin?

B

bat

6
What does this letter sound like in Latin?

C

cat

In Latin, C is never pronounced like S.

7
What does this letter sound like in Latin?

D

dog

8
What does this letter sound like in Latin?

E

bet

9
What does this letter sound like in Latin?

Ē

bait

10
What does this letter sound like in Latin?

F

fog

11
What does this letter sound like in Latin?

G

golf

Note: In Latin, G is never pronounced like at the end of, e.g. gouge.

12
What does this letter sound like in Latin?

H

heat

13
What does this letter sound like in Latin?

I

(vowel)

wit

14
What does this letter sound like in Latin?

Ī

wheat

15
What does this letter sound like in Latin?

I

(consonant)

Yellow

e.g. ius, iuris

Note that sometimes, this letter may be written as a J.

16
What does this letter sound like in Latin?

K

Camp

17
What does this letter sound like in Latin?

L

losing

18
What does this letter sound like in Latin?

M

make

19
What does this letter sound like in Latin?

N

now

20
What does this letter sound like in Latin?

O

odd

21
What does this letter sound like in Latin?

Ō

ode

22
What does this letter sound like in Latin?

P

plant

23
What does this letter sound like in Latin?

Qu

quick

Note: QU is pronounced in Latin just like it is in English, but not like it is pronounced in French.

24
What does this letter sound like in Latin?

R

port

Note: In Latin, R is sometimes given a slight roll.

25
What does this letter sound like in Latin?

S

stamp

Note: In Latin, S is never pronounced like Z (e.g. his).

26
What does this letter sound like in Latin?

T

trot

27
What does this letter sound like in Latin?

U

look

Note that sometimes, this letter may be written as a V.

28
What does this letter sound like in Latin?

Ū

Luke

29
What does this letter sound like in Latin?

V

water

Note: In Latin, V is never pronounced like in English (e.g. vase).

30
What does this letter sound like in Latin?

X

rex, sticks, figs

Note: In Latin, X is the combination of a K (or G) with an S. It is never pronounced like a Z like "xylophone," and it is never pronounced gutterally like in German.