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Flashcards in Shea Deck (30)
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0

Family of lizards that includes geckos

Gekkonidae

1

Legless Lizard Family

Pygopodidae

2

What family does the bearded dragon belong to?

Agamid

3

What is the difference between the hydrophidae and the laticaudidae families?

Hydrophidae- (true sea snakes) give birth to live young in the water

Laticaudidae- (sea kraits) lays eggs on land

4

True or false: all elapids are venomous?

True

5

Shinglebacks belong to what family of lizard?

Scincidae

6

The reptiles of Australia fall into four orders. These are?

Sphenodontia, Testudines, Squamata, crocodilia

7

A large reptile, with thick, stocky limbs compared to it's body size approaches you.

What family does this lizard belong to?

Varanidae

8

How many pre sacral vertebrae do frogs have?

8

9

The bufonidae genus is represented in Australia by a single species.

What is this species?

Cane toad

10

What are hylid frogs commonly referred to as?

Tree Frogs

11

What is the name of the fused vertebrae in the caudal region of frogs?

Urostyle

12

How is the tongue of a frog attached?

At the front of the mouth.

13

Frogs of the myobatrachidae family lack adhesive toe discs.

True or false.

True

14

All colubrids are venomous.

True or false?

False

15

What is cranial kinesis?

Movement of the bones within the skull to allow for feeding.

16

What is streptostyly?

Rotation of the quadrate at it's dorsal articulation. Axis of rotation is generally transverse.

17

What is mesokinesis?

Dorsoventral flexion and extension around an axis running transverse through the frontal parietal suture

18

What is metakinesis?

Curvilinear sliding movement between the parietal and supraoccipital bones.

19

What is the correct temperature range for keeping reptiles?

It is different for all reptiles but it is generally between 29-32 degrees Celsius.

20

Why are uv light globes important for keeping reptiles?

Vitamin D deficiency

21

In Australia we use the terminology terrapin.

True or false?

False.

Aquatic = turtle
Terrestrial = tortoise

22

Crocodiles and turtles are capable of cranial kinesis?

True or false?

False

23

Frogs have three surfaces that allow for gas exchange. What are they?

Skin, lungs, lining of the mouth.

24

Gland of frogs and toads which secretes a milky alkaloid substance to deter predators.

Parotoid Gland

25

What is caudal autotomy and how does it work?

Self amputation of the tail.

Intervertebral autotomy: tail breaks between two vertebrae

Intravertebral autotomy: fracture planes within vertebrae form as the lizard contracts muscles to fracture a vertebrae.

26

What are the signs that a lizard has undergone caudal autotomy?

Non invasive: tail appears different colour/ pattern to rest of body

Invasive: tail is cartilage rather than bone.

27

Snakes have a poorly developed pectoral girdle.

True or false?

False snakes have no pectoral girdle at all!

28

What is the cross shaped bone in the pectoral girdle of lizards?

Interclavicle

29

What is the acetabulum?

The socket of the hip bone where the head of the femur sits.