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Neoplasia > Terminology > Flashcards

Flashcards in Terminology Deck (54)
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1

Neoplasm

Mass of uncontrolled cells

2

Tumor

Swelling, Oma

3

Cyst

Encapsulated swelling

4

Oncology

Cancer
Greek for swelling

5

Lipoma

Fatty tumor

6

Osteoma

Bone tumor

7

Carcinoma

Epithelial tumor (skin)

8

Sarcoma

Connective tissue tumor

9

Carcinomas

Arise from embryonic ectoderm

10

Sarcomas

Embryonic mesoderm

11

Anaplastic

Describes cancer cells that divide rapidly and have little or no resemblance to normal cells

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Metastasis

Cancerous

Malignant tumors metastasize

Refers to spread of location of cancer, primary areas of body ; spreading through blood and lymphatic a most common

13

Exophytic

Protruding

Ex: hairy leukoplakia

14

Endophytic

Below normal tissue

15

Hyperkeratosis

Thickening of keratin layer

16

Leukoplakia

"White plaque" descriptive term that doesn't refer to histological appearance, but considered to be precancerous

17

Leukoedema

Bluish tint on buccal mucosa

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Verrucous

Wart like

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Erythroleukoplakia

Intermixed red and white lesions. Epithelial cells immature and can't produce keratin

*bad

20

Erythro

Red

21

Leuko-

Plakia-

White


Plaque

22

Sanguinaria

Herbal extract
High association with leukoplakia in mx vestibule

23

Ultraviolet radiation

Actinic cheilosis

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Mild epithelial dysplasia

Cellular alterations limited to basal layer

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Moderate epithelial dysplasia

Involvement from basal layer to mid portion of spinous layer

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Severe epi dysplasia

Deeper alterations from basal layer to level above midpoint and may involve duct of a minor salivary gland

27

Carcinoma in situ

When entire thickness of epithelium is involved (top to bottom change)- no invasion has occurred=no metastasis

*earliest form of cancer

28

Slaked

Fermented

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Trismus

Lock jaw

30

BCC

Most common cancer in face and scalp,
No tendency to spread,
Usually 100% recovery