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001 Phlebotomy Course Finals Prep > Text Book Glossary > Flashcards

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1

accuracy

a "quality control" term that refers to how close a lab result is to the actual value. measured by comparing test results is a specified lab to results obtained from an established standard. used with the term "prescision" to assess the quality & effect

2

ACD stands for what?

acid sitrate dextrose

3

acid citrate dextrose

an additive commonly used in specimen collection for blood donations to prevent clotting. It ensures that the red blood cells maintain their oxygen-carrying capacity.

4

active listening

a set of skills that enables an individual to become a more effective listener. Skills include concentrating on the speaker, getting ready to listen by clearing one's mind of distracting thoughts, use of silent pauses when appropriate, providing reassur

5

additives

substances, such as gels, clotting activators, or anticoagulants, that are added in small amounts to specimen collection tubes to alter the specimen so as to make it appropriate for lab analysis or handling.

6

ACA stands for what?

Affordable Care Act

7

Affordable Care Act

the US health care reform law enacted in 2010, with three primary goals: 1) to provide affordable health insurance to more Americans. 2) to expand the Medicaid program to cover more poverty-stricken individuals 3) to support innovative medical care delive

8

age-specific care considerations

providing services that are age appropriate and consideration (eg, special considerations that are needed for different ages of children, such as toddler or teen, and also for geriatric patients). Factors typically relate to age-related fears/concerns, co

9

alcohol

a colorless liquid that can be used as an antiseptic

10

aliquot

a portion of a blood specimen that has been removed/separated from the original primary specimen tube after initial processing (centrifugation). Considered to be identical to all other portions of the original sample of serum, plasma, urine, and cerebros

11

Allen Test

procedure used prior to drawing specimens for arterial blood gases (ABGs) from the radial artery. It ensures that the ulnar and radial arteries are providing collateral circulation to the hand area.

12

Processes invloved in the Allen Test.

Compress arteries to the hand and empty the hand of arterial blood. Release the compression to see if circulation is immediately restored. A negative test indicates that collateral circulation is not sufficient and an alternative artery (brachial or fem

13

allergic reaction

a condition caused by an abnormal reaction of the body's immune system to a foreign substance.

14

Alzheimer's disease (AD)

a chronic neurodegenerative disease that causes the majority of cases of demential, or loss of intellectual abilities. It is more prevalent in older patients.

15

ambulatory care

health care services that are delivered in an outpatient or clinic or medical office setting. The term implies that the patients are able to ambulate (walk) to the clinic to receive the services

16

ASCLS stands for what?

American Society for Clinical Laboratory Scientists

17

American Society for Clinical Laboratory Scientists (ASCLS)

an international professional organization for laboratory personnel that provides continuing education and conference activities for laboratory professionals

18

ASCP stands for what?

American Society for Clinical Pathology

19

Americal Society for Clinical Pathology

professional organization offering clinical and research conferences, many types of continuing education activities, and ongoing certification programs. Certification is through the Board of Certification (BOC) for many types of laboratory professionals a

20

analyte

a substance being analyzed e.g., a chemical analysis

21

analytic phase

refers to the phase in laboratory testing in which the specimen is actually assessed or evaluated, and results are confirmed and reported.

22

anatomic pathology

a major area of laboratory services in which autopsies are performed and surgical biopsy tissues are analyzed

23

anemia

a medical condition in which there is a reduction in hemoglobin, thus lowering the O2 carrying capacity of blood cells

24

antecubital

the area of the forearm (around the crease of the elbow) most commonly used for selecting veins prior to venipuncture. The median cubital vein is the best anchored and least risk-prone vein for venipuncture in most patients

25

anterior

the front or ventral area of the body that includes the thorax, abdomen, and pelvis

26

anticoagulant

substance introduced into the blood or a blood specimen to prevent the clotting process

27

antiglycolytic agent

an additive used in blood collection tubes that prevents glycolysis

28

antimicrobial

a chemical or therapeutic agent that destroys microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, and fungi

29

antiseptic hand rub

a waterless antiseptic product that can be rubbed onto all surfaces of the hands to reduce the number of microorganisms present; the hands should be rubbed until the product has dried

30

antiseptic hand wash

soap and water or detergents containing an antiseptic agent used for washing the hands to reduce the risk of infection by destroying the microorganisms present