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Flashcards in Week 1 Deck (50)
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1

Broad field conserved with classification

Systematics

2

What is the broadest taxon

Bacteria
Archaea
Eukarya

3

What is the narrowest taxon

Species

4

2 parts of binomial species name

Genus
Epithet

5

What are dichotomous keys used for?

To classify already described organisms by physical features

6

What made protists?

Bacteria

7

Species lacking membrane bound organelles and a nucleus

Prokaryotes

8

What do eukaryotes have that prokaryotes dont

Nucleus and membrane bound organelles

9

Where do archaea species usually inhabit?

Extreme and stressful environments

10

2 distinct groups with prokaryotes

Archaea
Bacteria

11

3 shapes of bacteria

Bacillus
Coccus
Spirillum

12

What shape are bacillus bacteria

Rod shaped

13

Shape of coccus bacteria

Spherical

14

Spirillum

Spiral

15

Heterotrophic definition? What kingdom are mostly heterotrophic?

Derive energy from molecules made by other organisms.
Bacteria are mostly heterotrophs

16

What bacteria is photosynthetic?

Cyanobacteria

17

What are the two Cyanobacteria

Oscillatoria
Gleocapsa

18

Group of eukaryotes that are not plants, animals or fungi

Protists

19

3 super groups of protists

Protozoa
Protophyta
Slime molds

20

Single gelled eukaryotes with animal like heterotrophic ecology

Protozoans

21

What do protozoabs have to enclose food particles for digestion

Food vacuoles

22

What are two vacuoles on Protozoa and their uses

Food vacuole to enclose food particles and digest them
Contractile vacuoles to expel excess water

23

Protists that are autotrophic and go through photosynthesis

Protophyta

24

Protists that are decomposers but have amoebid characteristics

Slime molds

25

How are slime molds different from fungi

No hyphae
No chitin in cell walls

26

What is the basic structure of fungus

Hypha

27

Slender filament of cytoplasm and nuclei enclosed by a cell wall

Hypha

28

Dead organic material

Saprophytes

29

Organisms that fungi feed on

Saprophytes
Parasites

30

Mass of hyphae that make up an individual organism

Mycelium