8.9 Lewis Acids And Bases Flashcards Preview

Chemistry Chapter 8 - Acids and Bases > 8.9 Lewis Acids And Bases > Flashcards

Flashcards in 8.9 Lewis Acids And Bases Deck (6)
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What is a lewis acid?

An electron pair acceptor, must have space in its outer shell to accept a pair of electrons.


What is a lewis base?

An electron pair donor must have a lone pair of electrons.


What happens during a Lewis acid base reaction?

A coordinate covalent bond is always formed when the base donates a pair fo electrons to the acid.


What are examples of a lewis acid base reactions?

Formation of a copper ion by a translation metal ion, the transition metal ion is the lewis acid and the ligand is the lewis base.


Why is the formation of a complex ion only an acid base reaction according to the lewis theory?

Not according to the bronzed lowry theory since there is no transfer of a proton.


What are other examples of a lewis acid and base?

A nucleophile is a lewis base and an electrophile is a lewis acid.